This page displays results from searches for diameter data for an
individual object. These diameter data are distinct from NED's "Basic
Data" because they are not only referenced, but accompanied by detailed
qualifiers. Within NED, each measurement (single data point) along with its
descriptors is called a "Diameter Data Frame" or a "Diameter Data Point".
The diameter data returned by your search will be presented as an HTML
table (default), HTML preformatted text, ASCII text (tabseparated or
barseparated), or in XML (VOTable) format. The HTML output is formatted
for easy reading by eye on your computer screen, while the ASCII and XML
output is appropriate for parsing by computer scripts or programs. The
ASCII and XML tables are preceded by a header line showing the data
contents of each column.
The top section of this page displays a summary table of NED's diameter
data frames for a given object. There are two parts of the summary table:
The first displays the diameters as published, the second displays the
diameters in NED's homogenized units.
Published units:
 A sequential datapoint number applicable to this list only.
 The frequency or wavelength at which the data apply (in common
astronomical jargon, e.g. "Optical", "21cm"). Also in this cell,
the reference code for the source of the diameter. This is linked
to NED's Reference database so that you may retrieve the full
reference or abstract easily.
 The major axis (2a) as published. If this is a radius, the value
in the column will be flagged with the letter "a" in parentheses:
"(a)".
 The major axis units, as published.
 The minor axis (2b), as published. This will also be a radius if
the major axis is flagged as a radius.
 The minor axis units, as published.
 The axis ratio, as published: it may be b/a, a/b or log a/b; all
are appropriately flagged.
 The major axis uncertainty, as published.
 The ellipticity as published.
 The eccentricity as published.
 The position angle as published (in deg.): The equinox is also given
in brackets. When the equinox is followed by an asterisk,
no equinox was published, and the value given is assumed by NED
(cf. comment in the Detailed Information.)
Homogenized units:
 The reference level in common astronomical jargon.
 The frequency in standard units (Hz).
 The major axis in arcseconds.
 The major axis uncertainty.
 The axis ratio b/a.
 The ellipticity, (1  b/a), calculated as needed from the axis ratio.
 The eccentricity, [(a/b)^{2}  1]/[(a/b)^{2} + 1],
calculated as needed.
 cos^{1}(b/a), also calculated as needed. This is representative
of the inclination of the galaxy to the line of sight, in degrees.
 The position angle in degrees for equinox J2000.
More extensive data for any measurement in the list may be seen by
clicking on the sequential number for that measurement, or by scrolling
down the page to the measurement of interest.
The second part of this page displays the data associated with the
diameter data frame for the object you selected. These data include:
 Reference code: The literature source for the present diameter
data frame, in NED's standard 19byte code (click on the highlighted
reference code to display the full reference).
 Frequency targeted: The target of the observations in frequency
domain in astronomical jargon. Typical entries could be "B",
"r(ThuanGunn)", "5 keV continuum", "IRAS 12 micron", "^12^CO(10)",
"H{alpha}", etc.
 Major Axis (2a): The major axis, first as published (diameter
or radius), then in arcseconds.
 Uncertainty: Uncertainty for the major axis, first as published,
then in arcseconds.
 Minor Axis (2b): First, as published, the minor axis (axis ratio
b/a or a/b, log(a/b), or ellipticity), then transformed as needed, the
minor axis in arcseconds.
 Axis Ratio: First as published (b/a, a/b or log(a/b)) then b/a.
 Uncertainty: Uncertainty on the axis ratio.
 Ellipticity: First as published, then calculated as needed.
 Uncertainty: Uncertainty on the ellipticity.
 Eccentricity: First as published, then calculated as needed.
 Uncertainty: Uncertainty on the eccentricity.
 cos^{1}(b/a): Inverse cosine, in degrees, of the axis
ratio; this is a rough indicator of the galaxy's inclination to the line
of sight.
 Position Angle (Equinox): The major axis position angle, first
as published, then in degrees, from north through east, for equinox
J2000.0.
 Uncertainty: Uncertainty on the Position Angle, first as
published, then in degrees.
 Significance: The type of uncertainty reported in the original
publication; e.g. "rms uncertainty", "90% confidence", "no unc.
reported", etc.
 Diameter Reference Level: This field specifies the reference
level, with units, for the diameters. For an optical diameter, this
might be an isophote (surface brightness); for a radio diameter, it
might be a halfpeak level; etc. More generally, it might specify the
reference level as a fraction of a peak value, the percentage of the
light included, a step ratio "folding" scale length, etc.
 Frequency: This is the frequency or wavelength of observation
first as given in the paper, or as the established standard indicates for
continuum observations, then translated as needed in Hz.
 Frequency Mode: The method(s) by which the data were collected,
reduced, or derived, in relation to the frequency or wavelength; e.g.
"broadband measurement", "flux integrated over line", "absorption lines
measured", "colorcorrected", etc.
 Measurement Mode:
 Detector type: The observing instrumentation.
 Fitting technique: The observing technique.
 Measured quantity: The part of the object measured.
 Qualifiers: Comments regarding the measurement mode.
 Coordinates Targeted: The object's coordinates and equinox,
as published.
 Qualifiers: Selfexplanatory notes pertaining to
 The history of the data (e.g. "from new raw data", "transformed
from previously published data", etc.).
 Adjustments to the data (e.g. "corrected for contaminating sources").
 Changes introduced by NED (e.g. "obvious typo corrected",
"correction published in errata", etc.).
 Values modified by NED (e.g. "Diameter modified from published
value", "Uncertainty modified from published value", etc.).
 *: (Optional) This line exists only if an asterisk follows the
equinox given with the Position Angle in the Summary Table
("No epoch/equinox published. The value given is assumed by NED").
 NED Comment: Other information about the data.
Back to the Diameter Search Input Page.
