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Article Contents

ABSTRACT

1.INTRODUCTION

2.THE BASIC PHYSICS AND ASTROPHYSICS OF SUPERWINDS
2.1.Momentum & Energy Input in Starbursts
2.2.Simple Models of Superwind Hydrodynamics and Radiation
2.3.Conditions for Driving Superwinds
2.4.The Effect of Clouds

3.OBSERVATIONAL DIAGNOSTICS OF SUPERWINDS
3.1.X-Ray Observations of Superwinds
3.2.Optical Line Emission from Superwinds
3.2.1.Structure and Luminosity
3.2.2.Kinematics and Dynamics
3.2.3.Emission-Line Ratios and the Ionization Source
3.2.4.Densities and Pressures as Diagnostics
3.2.5.The Role of Scattering
3.3.The Relativistic Plasma Associated with Superwinds
3.4.The Cool Gas Associated with Superwinds

4.THE COOL GAS ASSOCIATED WITH SUPERWINDS

5.IMPLICATIONS OF SUPERWINDS
5.1.Heating & Enriching the IGM
5.2.Galaxy Formation & Evolution
5.3.QSO Absorption Lines
5.4.The X-RAY Background
5.5.The Disk-Halo Connection
5.6.The Starburst-AGN Connection & Ultraluminous Galaxies

6. SUMMARY

REFERENCES