Proceedings of the Poyal Society Discussion Meeting on the Impact of Active Galaxies on the Universe at Large, London, February 16-17, 2004.
astro-ph/0403128

For a PDF version of the article, click here.


MECHANICAL HEATING BY ACTIVE GALAXIES

Mitchell C. Begelman and Mateusz Ruszkowski


JILA, 440 UCB, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309-0440, USA


Abstract. Jets and winds are significant channels for energy loss from accreting black holes. These outflows mechanically heat their surroundings, through shocks as well as gentler forms of heating. We discuss recent efforts to understand the nature and distribution of mechanical heating by central AGNs in clusters of galaxies, using numerical simulations and analytic models. Specifically, we will discuss whether the relatively gentle `effervescent heating' mechanism can compensate for radiative losses in the central regions of clusters, and account for the excess entropy observed at larger radii.


Keywords: intracluster medium -- active galaxies -- jets -- cooling flows -- feedback -- entropy


Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

THE NATURE OF HEATING IN CLUSTERS

MODELING MECHANICAL HEATING
Numerical simulations
Analytic modeling

CONCLUSIONS

REFERENCES

Next