Report-no: CERN-TH/2003-307
astro-ph/0401341

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DARK MATTER: EARLY CONSIDERATIONS

Jaan Einasto


Tartu Observatory, 61602 Tõravere, Estonia


Abstract. A review of the study of dark matter is given, starting with earliest studies and finishing with the establishment of the standard Cold Dark Matter paradigm in mid 1980-s. Particular attention is given to the collision of the classical and new paradigms concerning the matter content of the Universe. Also the amount of baryonic matter, dark matter and dark energy is discussed using modern estimates.


Keywords: Dark matter; galaxies; clusters of galaxies


Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

LOCAL DARK MATTER

CLUSTERS AND GROUPS OF GALAXIES

MASSES OF GALAXIES
Galactic Models
Mass-to-luminosity Ratios and Models of Physical Evolution of Stellar Populations
Mass Discrepancy on the Periphery of Galaxies
Galactic Coronas
Dark Matter Conferences 1975
Are Pairs of Galaxies Physical?
Additional Evidence for Dark Halos

THE NATURE OF DARK MATTER
Neutrino-dominated Universe
Dark Matter and the Structure of the Universe
Cold Dark Matter
The amount of dark matter

SUMMARY

REFERENCES

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