Contents Previous


  1. Abadi, M.G., Navarro, J.F., Fardal, M., Babul, A., Steinmetz, M., 2010, Galaxy-induced transformation of dark matter haloes, MNRAS 407, 435

  2. Agustsson, I., Brainerd, T.G., 2006, The Orientation of Satellite Galaxies: Evidence of Elongation in the Direction of the Host, ApJ 644, L25

  3. Aihara, H., Allende Prieto, C., An, D.e., 2011, The Eighth Data Release of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey: First Data from SDSS-III, ApJS 193, 29

  4. Alaghband-Zadeh, S., Chapman, S.C., Swinbank, A.M., Smail, I., Harrison, C.M., Alexander, D.M., Casey, C.M., Davé, R., Narayanan, D., Tamura, Y., Umehata, H., 2012, Integral field spectroscopy of 2.0 < z < 2.7 submillimetre galaxies: gas morphologies and kinematics, MNRAS 424, 2232

  5. Amorisco, N.C., Agnello, A., Evans, N.W., 2013, The core size of the Fornax dwarf spheroidal, MNRAS 429, L89

  6. Amorisco, N.C., Evans, N.W., 2012, A Troublesome Past: Chemodynamics of the Fornax Dwarf Spheroidal, ApJ 756, L2

  7. An, J., Evans, N.W., Deason, A.J., 2012, Mass estimators in the Gaia era, MNRAS 420, 2562

  8. Andersen, D.R., Bershady, M.A., 2013, The Photometric and Kinematic Structure of Face-on Disk Galaxies. III. Kinematic Inclinations from Hα Velocity Fields, ApJ 768, 41

  9. Andersen, D.R., Bershady, M.A., Sparke, L.S., Gallagher, III, J.S., Wilcots, E.M., van Driel, W., Monnier-Ragaigne, D., 2006, The Photometric and Kinematic Structure of Face-on Disk Galaxies. I. Sample Definition, Hα Integral Field Spectroscopy, and H I Line Widths, ApJS 166, 505

  10. Arnold, J.A., Romanowsky, A.J., Brodie, J.P., Chomiuk, L., Spitler, L.R., Strader, J., Benson, A.J., Forbes, D.A., 2011, The Fossil Record of Two-phase Galaxy Assembly: Kinematics and Metallicities in the Nearest S0 Galaxy, ApJ 736, L26

  11. Arnold, R., de Zeeuw, P.T., Hunter, C., 1994, Orbital Content and Velocity Fields of Triaxial Galaxies, MNRAS 271, 924

  12. Ascasibar, Y., Gottlöber, S., 2008, The dynamical structure of dark matter haloes, MNRAS 386, 2022

  13. Athanassoula, E. (ed.), 1983, Internal kinematics and dynamics of galaxies; Proceedings of the Symposium, Universitede Franche-Comte, Besancon, France, August 9-13, 1982, vol. 100 of IAU Symposium

  14. Athanassoula, E., 2002, Bar-Halo Interaction and Bar Growth, ApJ 569, L83

  15. Athanassoula, E., 2003, What determines the strength and the slowdown rate of bars?, MNRAS 341, 1179

  16. Athanassoula, E., Machado, R.E.G., Rodionov, S.A., 2013, Bar formation and evolution in disc galaxies with gas and a triaxial halo: morphology, bar strength and halo properties, MNRAS 429, 1949

  17. Auger, M.W., Treu, T., Bolton, A.S., Gavazzi, R., Koopmans, L.V.E., Marshall, P.J., Bundy, K., Moustakas, L.A., 2009, The Sloan Lens ACS Survey. IX. Colors, Lensing, and Stellar Masses of Early-Type Galaxies, ApJ 705, 1099

  18. Auger, M.W., Treu, T., Bolton, A.S., Gavazzi, R., Koopmans, L.V.E., Marshall, P.J., Moustakas, L.A., Burles, S., 2010a, The Sloan Lens ACS Survey. X. Stellar, Dynamical, and Total Mass Correlations of Massive Early-type Galaxies, ApJ 724, 511

  19. Auger, M.W., Treu, T., Gavazzi, R., Bolton, A.S., Koopmans, L.V.E., Marshall, P.J., 2010b, Dark Matter Contraction and the Stellar Content of Massive Early-type Galaxies: Disfavoring ”Light” Initial Mass Functions, ApJ 721, L163

  20. Baade, W., 1944, The Resolution of Messier 32, NGC 205, and the Central Region of the Andromeda Nebula, ApJ 100, 137

  21. Bahcall, J.N., 1984, K giants and the total amount of matter near the sun, ApJ 287, 926

  22. Bahcall, J.N., Casertano, S., 1985, Some possible regularities in the missing mass problem, ApJ 293, L7

  23. Bahcall, J.N., Schmidt, M., Soneira, R.M., 1982, On the interpretation of rotation curves measured at large galactocentric distances, ApJ 258, L23

  24. Bahcall, J.N., Soneira, R.M., 1980, The universe at faint magnitudes. I - Models for the galaxy and the predicted star counts, ApJS 44, 73

  25. Bailey, M.E., MacDonald, J., 1981, A comparison between velocity dispersion profiles of de Vaucouleurs and King galaxy models, MNRAS 194, 195

  26. Bailin, J., Kawata, D., Gibson, B.K., Steinmetz, M., Navarro, J.F., Brook, C.B., Gill, S.P.D., Ibata, R.A., Knebe, A., Lewis, G.F., Okamoto, T., 2005, Internal Alignment of the Halos of Disk Galaxies in Cosmological Hydrodynamic Simulations, ApJ 627, L17

  27. Bania, T.M., Lockman, F.J., 1984, A survey of the latitude structure of galactic H I on small angular scales, ApJS 54, 513

  28. Bardeen, J.M., Bond, J.R., Kaiser, N., Szalay, A.S., 1986, The statistics of peaks of Gaussian random fields, ApJ 304, 15

  29. Barnabè, M., Auger, M.W., Treu, T., Koopmans, L.V.E., Bolton, A.S., Czoske, O., Gavazzi, R., 2010, The non-evolving internal structure of early-type galaxies: the case study SDSSJ0728+3835 at z = 0.206, MNRAS 406, 2339

  30. Barnabè, M., Czoske, O., Koopmans, L.V.E., Treu, T., Bolton, A.S., 2011, Two-dimensional kinematics of SLACS lenses - III. Mass structure and dynamics of early-type lens galaxies beyond z ∼ 0.1, MNRAS 415, 2215

  31. Barnabè, M., Czoske, O., Koopmans, L.V.E., Treu, T., Bolton, A.S., Gavazzi, R., 2009, Two-dimensional kinematics of SLACS lenses - II. Combined lensing and dynamics analysis of early-type galaxies at z = 0.08-0.33, MNRAS 399, 21

  32. Barnabè, M., Dutton, A.A., Marshall, P.J., Auger, M.W., Brewer, B.J., Treu, T., Bolton, A.S., Koo, D.C., Koopmans, L.V.E., 2012, The SWELLS survey - IV. Precision measurements of the stellar and dark matter distributions in a spiral lens galaxy, MNRAS 423, 1073

  33. Barnabè, M., Koopmans, L.V.E., 2007, A Unifying Framework for Self-consistent Gravitational Lensing and Stellar Dynamics Analyses of Early-Type Galaxies, ApJ 666, 726

  34. Bartelmann, M., Schneider, P., 2001, Weak gravitational lensing, Physics Reports 340, 291

  35. Battaglia, G., Helmi, A., Breddels, M., 2013, Internal kinematics and dynamical models of dwarf spheroidal galaxies around the Milky Way, New Ast Rev, submitted, arXiv:1305.5965

  36. Battaglia, G., Helmi, A., Morrison, H., Harding, P., Olszewski, E.W., Mateo, M., Freeman, K.C., Norris, J., Shectman, S.A., 2005, The radial velocity dispersion profile of the Galactic halo: constraining the density profile of the dark halo of the Milky Way, MNRAS 364, 433

  37. Battaglia, G., Helmi, A., Tolstoy, E., Irwin, M., Hill, V., Jablonka, P., 2008, The Kinematic Status and Mass Content of the Sculptor Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy, ApJ 681, L13

  38. Battaglia, G., Tolstoy, E., Helmi, A., Irwin, M., Parisi, P., Hill, V., Jablonka, P., 2011, Study of the Sextans dwarf spheroidal galaxy from the DART Ca II triplet survey, MNRAS 411, 1013

  39. Baugh, C.M., Lacey, C.G., Frenk, C.S., Granato, G.L., Silva, L., Bressan, A., Benson, A.J., Cole, S., 2007, The Nature of (Sub)millimeter Galaxies in Hierarchical Models, in: Baker, A.J., Glenn, J., Harris, A.I., Mangum, J.G., Yun, M.S. (eds.), From Z-Machines to ALMA: (Sub)Millimeter Spectroscopy of Galaxies, vol. 375 of Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series, p. 7

  40. Behroozi, P.S., Conroy, C., Wechsler, R.H., 2010, A Comprehensive Analysis of Uncertainties Affecting the Stellar Mass-Halo Mass Relation for 0 < z < 4, ApJ 717, 379

  41. Behroozi, P.S., Wechsler, R.H., Conroy, C., 2013, The Average Star Formation Histories of Galaxies in Dark Matter Halos from z = 0-8, ApJ 770, 57

  42. Bell, E.F., de Jong, R.S., 2000, The stellar populations of spiral galaxies, MNRAS 312, 497

  43. Bell, E.F., de Jong, R.S., 2001, Stellar Mass-to-Light Ratios and the Tully-Fisher Relation, ApJ 550, 212

  44. Bell, E.F., McIntosh, D.H., Katz, N., Weinberg, M.D., 2003, The Optical and Near-Infrared Properties of Galaxies. I. Luminosity and Stellar Mass Functions, ApJS 149, 289

  45. Bendinelli, O., 1991, Abel integral equation inversion and deconvolution by multi-Gaussian approximation, ApJ 366, 599

  46. Bershady, M.A., Martinsson, T.P.K., Verheijen, M.A.W., Westfall, K.B., Andersen, D.R., Swaters, R.A., 2011, Galaxy Disks are Submaximal, ApJ 739, L47

  47. Bershady, M.A., Verheijen, M.A.W., Swaters, R.A., Andersen, D.R., Westfall, K.B., Martinsson, T., 2010a, The DiskMass Survey. I. Overview, ApJ 716, 198

  48. Bershady, M.A., Verheijen, M.A.W., Westfall, K.B., Andersen, D.R., Swaters, R.A., Martinsson, T., 2010b, The DiskMass Survey. II. Error Budget, ApJ 716, 234

  49. Bertin, G., Ciotti, L., Del Principe, M., 2002, Weak homology of elliptical galaxies, A&A 386, 149

  50. Bertin, G., Saglia, R.P., Stiavelli, M., 1992, Elliptical galaxies with dark matter. I - Self-consistent models. II - Optimal luminous-dark matter decomposition for a sample of bright objects, ApJ 384, 423

  51. Bertola, F., Bettoni, D., Rusconi, L., Sedmak, G., 1984, Stellar versus gaseous kinematics in E and SO galaxies, AJ 89, 356

  52. Bertone, G., Hooper, D., Silk, J., 2005, Particle dark matter: evidence, candidates and constraints, Phys. Rep. 405, 279

  53. Bezanson, R., van Dokkum, P.G., Franx, M., Brammer, G.B., Brinchmann, J., Kriek, M., Labbé, I., Quadri, R.F., Rix, H.W., van de Sande, J., Whitaker, K.E., Williams, R.J., 2011, Redshift Evolution of the Galaxy Velocity Dispersion Function, ApJ 737, L31

  54. Bica, E., Alloin, D., 1986, A base of star clusters for stellar population synthesis, A&A 162, 21

  55. Bicknell, G.V., Bruce, T.E.G., Carter, D., Killeen, N.E.B., 1989, The stellar dynamics of NGC 1399, ApJ 336, 639

  56. Binney, J., 1978, On the rotation of elliptical galaxies, MNRAS 183, 501

  57. Binney, J., 2010a, Distribution functions for the Milky Way, MNRAS 401, 2318

  58. Binney, J., Gerhard, O., Spergel, D., 1997, The photometric structure of the inner Galaxy, MNRAS 288, 365

  59. Binney, J., Mamon, G.A., 1982, M/L and velocity anisotropy from observations of spherical galaxies, or must M87 have a massive black hole?, MNRAS 200, 361

  60. Binney, J., McMillan, P., 2011, Models of our Galaxy - II, MNRAS 413, 1889

  61. Binney, J., Tremaine, S., 2008, Galactic Dynamics: Second Edition, Princeton University Press

  62. Binney, J.J., 2010b, Joint Discussion 5 Modelling the Milky Way in the Era of Gaia, Highlights of Astronomy 15, 173

  63. Binney, J.J., Davies, R.L., Illingworth, G.D., 1990, Velocity mapping and models of the elliptical galaxies NGC 720, NGC 1052, and NGC 4697, ApJ 361, 78

  64. Blais-Ouellette, S., 2000, Distribution de la matiere sombre dans les galaxies spirales, PhD Thesis, Université de Montréal

  65. Blandford, R., Narayan, R., 1986, Fermat's principle, caustics, and the classification of gravitational lens images, ApJ 310, 568

  66. Blanton, M.R., Roweis, S., 2007, K-Corrections and Filter Transformations in the Ultraviolet, Optical, and Near-Infrared, AJ 133, 734

  67. Blitz, L., Spergel, D.N., 1991, Direct evidence for a bar at the Galactic center, ApJ 379, 631

  68. Blumenthal, G.R., Faber, S.M., Flores, R., Primack, J.R., 1986, Contraction of dark matter galactic halos due to baryonic infall, ApJ 301, 27

  69. Blumenthal, G.R., Faber, S.M., Primack, J.R., Rees, M.J., 1984, Formation of galaxies and large-scale structure with cold dark matter, Nature 311, 517

  70. Bolatto, A.D., Leroy, A.K., Rosolowsky, E., Walter, F., Blitz, L., 2008, The Resolved Properties of Extragalactic Giant Molecular Clouds, ApJ 686, 948

  71. Bolton, A.S., Brownstein, J.R., Kochanek, C.S., Shu, Y., Schlegel, D.J., Eisenstein, D.J., Wake, D.A., Connolly, N., Maraston, C., Arneson, R.A., Weaver, B.A., 2012, The BOSS Emission-Line Lens Survey. II. Investigating Mass-density Profile Evolution in the SLACS+BELLS Strong Gravitational Lens Sample, ApJ 757, 82

  72. Bolton, A.S., Burles, S., Koopmans, L.V.E., Treu, T., Gavazzi, R., Moustakas, L.A., Wayth, R., Schlegel, D.J., 2008a, The Sloan Lens ACS Survey. V. The Full ACS Strong-Lens Sample, ApJ 682, 964

  73. Bolton, A.S., Burles, S., Koopmans, L.V.E., Treu, T., Moustakas, L.A., 2005, SDSS J140228.22+632133.3: A New Spectroscopically Selected Gravitational Lens, ApJ 624, L21

  74. Bolton, A.S., Burles, S., Koopmans, L.V.E., Treu, T., Moustakas, L.A., 2006a, The Sloan Lens ACS Survey. I. A Large Spectroscopically Selected Sample of Massive Early-Type Lens Galaxies, ApJ 638, 703

  75. Bolton, A.S., Burles, S., Schlegel, D.J., Eisenstein, D.J., Brinkmann, J., 2004, Sloan Digital Sky Survey Spectroscopic Lens Search. I. Discovery of Intermediate-Redshift Star-forming Galaxies behind Foreground Luminous Red Galaxies, AJ 127, 1860

  76. Bolton, A.S., Rappaport, S., Burles, S., 2006b, Constraint on the post-Newtonian parameter γ on galactic size scales, Phys. Rev. D 74, 6, 061501

  77. Bolton, A.S., Treu, T., Koopmans, L.V.E., Gavazzi, R., Moustakas, L.A., Burles, S., Schlegel, D.J., Wayth, R., 2008b, The Sloan Lens ACS Survey. VII. Elliptical Galaxy Scaling Laws from Direct Observational Mass Measurements, ApJ 684, 248

  78. Bosma, A., 1978, The distribution and kinematics of neutral hydrogen in spiral galaxies of various morphological types, PhD Thesis, University of Groningen

  79. Bosma, A., Byun, Y., Freeman, K.C., Athanassoula, E., 1992, The opacity of spiral disks, ApJ 400, L21

  80. Bottema, R., 1993, The Stellar Kinematics of Galactic Disks, A&A 275, 16

  81. Bournaud, F., Duc, P.A., Emsellem, E., 2008, High-resolution simulations of galaxy mergers: resolving globular cluster formation, MNRAS 389, L8

  82. Bovy, J., Hogg, D.W., Rix, H.W., 2009, Galactic Masers and the Milky Way Circular Velocity, ApJ 704, 1704

  83. Bovy, J., Tremaine, S., 2012, On the Local Dark Matter Density, ApJ 756, 89

  84. Brainerd, T.G., 2010, Multiple Weak Deflections in Galaxy-Galaxy Lensing, ApJ 713, 603

  85. Brainerd, T.G., Blandford, R.D., Smail, I., 1996, Weak Gravitational Lensing by Galaxies, ApJ 466, 623

  86. Brand, J., Blitz, L., 1993, The Velocity Field of the Outer Galaxy, A&A 275, 67

  87. Breddels, M.A., Helmi, A., 2013, Model comparison of the dark matter profiles of Fornax, Sculptor, Carina and Sextans, A&A, submitted, arXiv:1304.2976

  88. Breddels, M.A., Helmi, A., van den Bosch, R.C.E., van de Ven, G., Battaglia, G., 2013, Orbit-based dynamical models of the Sculptor dSph galaxy, MNRAS 433, 3173

  89. Brewer, B.J., Dutton, A.A., Treu, T., Auger, M.W., Marshall, P.J., Barnabè, M., Bolton, A.S., Koo, D.C., Koopmans, L.V.E., 2012, The SWELLS survey - III. Disfavouring 'heavy' initial mass functions for spiral lens galaxies, MNRAS 422, 3574

  90. Briggs, F.H., 1990, Rules of behavior for galactic WARPS, ApJ 352, 15

  91. Brodie, J.P., Strader, J., 2006, Extragalactic Globular Clusters and Galaxy Formation, ARA&A 44, 193

  92. Brownstein, J.R., Bolton, A.S., Schlegel, D.J., Eisenstein, D.J., Kochanek, C.S., Connolly, N., Maraston, C., Pandey, P., Seitz, S., Wake, D.A., Wood-Vasey, W.M., Brinkmann, J., Schneider, D.P., Weaver, B.A., 2012, The BOSS Emission-Line Lens Survey (BELLS). I. A Large Spectroscopically Selected Sam ple of Lens Galaxies at Redshift ~ 0.5, ApJ 744, 41

  93. Brunthaler, A., Reid, M.J., Menten, K.M., Zheng, X.W., Bartkiewicz, A., Choi, Y.K., Dame, T., Hachisuka, K., Immer, K., Moellenbrock, G., Moscadelli, L., Rygl, K.L.J., Sanna, A., Sato, M., Wu, Y., Xu, Y., Zhang, B., 2011, The Bar and Spiral Structure Legacy (BeSSeL) survey: Mapping the Milky Way with VLBI astrometry, Astronomische Nachrichten 332, 461

  94. Bruzual, G., 1983, Spectral evolution of galaxies. I - Early-type systems, ApJ 273, 105

  95. Bruzual, G., 2007, Stellar Populations: High Spectral Resolution Libraries. Improved TP-AGB Treatment, in: A. Vallenari, R. Tantalo, L. Portinari, & A. Moretti (ed.), From Stars to Galaxies: Building the Pieces to Build Up the Universe, vol. 374 of Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series, p. 303

  96. Bruzual, G., Charlot, S., 1993, Spectral evolution of stellar populations using isochrone synthesis, ApJ 405, 538

  97. Bruzual, G., Charlot, S., 2003, Stellar population synthesis at the resolution of 2003, MNRAS 344, 1000

  98. Bundy, K., Ellis, R.S., Conselice, C.J., Taylor, J.E., Cooper, M.C., Willmer, C.N.A., Weiner, B.J., Coil, A.L., Noeske, K.G., Eisenhardt, P.R.M., 2006, The Mass Assembly History of Field Galaxies: Detection of an Evolving Mass Limit for Star-Forming Galaxies, ApJ 651, 120

  99. Burbidge, E.M., Burbidge, G.R., 1975, The Masses of Galaxies, the University of Chicago Press, p. 81

  100. Burkert, A., 1995, The Structure of Dark Matter Halos in Dwarf Galaxies, ApJ 447, L25

  101. Buzzoni, A., 1989, Evolutionary population synthesis in stellar systems. I - A global approach, ApJS 71, 817

  102. Capaccioli, M., Vietri, M., Held, E.V., Lorenz, H., 1991, Is the standard elliptical NGC 3379 a triaxial disk galaxy?, ApJ 371, 535

  103. Cappellari, M., 2008, Measuring the inclination and mass-to-light ratio of axisymmetric galaxies via anisotropic Jeans models of stellar kinematics, MNRAS 390, 71

  104. Cappellari, M., Bacon, R., Bureau, M., Damen, M.C., Davies, R.L., de Zeeuw, P.T., Emsellem, E., Falcón-Barroso, J., Krajnović, D., Kuntschner, H., McDermid, R.M., Peletier, R.F., Sarzi, M., van den Bosch, R.C.E., van de Ven, G., 2006, The SAURON project - IV. The mass-to-light ratio, the virial mass estimator and the Fundamental Plane of elliptical and lenticular galaxies, MNRAS 366, 1126

  105. Cappellari, M., Emsellem, E., Bacon, R., Bureau, M., Davies, R.L., de Zeeuw, P.T., Falcón-Barroso, J., Krajnović, D., Kuntschner, H., McDermid, R.M., Peletier, R.F., Sarzi, M., van den Bosch, R.C.E., van de Ven, G., 2007, The SAURON project - X. The orbital anisotropy of elliptical and lenticular galaxies: revisiting the (V / σ, є) diagram with integral-field stellar kinematics, MNRAS 379, 418

  106. Cappellari, M., Emsellem, E., Krajnović, D., McDermid, R.M., Scott, N., Verdoes Kleijn, G.A., Young, L.M., Alatalo, K., Bacon, R., Blitz, L., Bois, M., Bournaud, F., Bureau, M., Davies, R.L., Davis, T.A., de Zeeuw, P.T., Duc, P.A., Khochfar, S., Kuntschner, H., Lablanche, P.Y., Morganti, R., Naab, T., Oosterloo, T., Sarzi, M., Serra, P., Weijmans, A.M., 2011, The ATLAS3D project - I. A volume-limited sample of 260 nearby early-type galaxies: science goals and selection criteria, MNRAS 413, 813

  107. Cappellari, M., McDermid, R.M., 2005, The nuclear orbital distribution in galaxies as a fossil record of black hole formation from integral-field spectroscopy, Classical and Quantum Gravity 22, 347

  108. Cappellari, M., McDermid, R.M., Alatalo, K., Blitz, L., Bois, M., Bournaud, F., Bureau, M., Crocker, A.F., Davies, R.L., Davis, T.A., de Zeeuw, P.T., Duc, P.A., Emsellem, E., Khochfar, S., Krajnović, D., Kuntschner, H., Lablanche, P.Y., Morganti, R., Naab, T., Oosterloo, T., Sarzi, M., Scott, N., Serra, P., Weijmans, A.M., Young, L.M., 2012, Systematic variation of the stellar initial mass function in early-type galaxies, Nature 484, 485

  109. Cappellari, M., McDermid, R.M., Alatalo, K., Blitz, L., Bois, M., Bournaud, F., Bureau, M., Crocker, A.F., Davies, R.L., Davis, T.A., de Zeeuw, P.T., Duc, P.A., Emsellem, E., Khochfar, S., Krajnović, D., Kuntschner, H., Morganti, R., Naab, T., Oosterloo, T., Sarzi, M., Scott, N., Serra, P., Weijmans, A.M., Young, L.M., 2013a, The ATLAS3D project - XX. Mass-size and mass-σ distributions of early-type galaxies: bulge fraction drives kinematics, mass-to-light ratio, molecular gas fraction and stellar initial mass function, MNRAS 432, 1862

  110. Cappellari, M., Scott, N., Alatalo, K., Blitz, L., Bois, M., Bournaud, F., Bureau, M., Crocker, A.F., Davies, R.L., Davis, T.A., de Zeeuw, P.T., Duc, P.A., Emsellem, E., Khochfar, S., Krajnović, D., Kuntschner, H., McDermid, R.M., Morganti, R., Naab, T., Oosterloo, T., Sarzi, M., Serra, P., Weijmans, A.M., Young, L.M., 2013b, The ATLAS3D project - XV. Benchmark for early-type galaxies scaling relations from 260 dynamical models: mass-to-light ratio, dark matter, Fundamental Plane and Mass Plane, MNRAS 432, 1709

  111. Carignan, C., Freeman, K.C., 1985, Basic parameters of dark halos in late-type spirals, ApJ 294, 494

  112. Casertano, S., 1983, Rotation curve of the edge-on spiral galaxy NGC 5907: disc and halo masses, MNRAS 203, 735

  113. Cassisi, S., Castellani, M., Castellani, V., 1997, Intermediate-age metal deficient stellar populations: the case of metallicity Z=0.00001, A&A 317, 108

  114. Catena, R., Ullio, P., 2010, A novel determination of the local dark matter density, J. Cosmology and Astroparticle Phys. 8, 4

  115. Catena, R., Ullio, P., 2012, The local dark matter phase-space density and impact on WIMP direct detection, J. Cosmology and Astroparticle Phys. 5, 5

  116. Catinella, B., Haynes, M.P., Giovanelli, R., 2007, Rotational Widths for Use in the Tully-Fisher Relation. II. The Impact of Surface Brightness, AJ 134, 334

  117. Cayatte, V., Kotanyi, C., Balkowski, C., van Gorkom, J.H., 1994, A very large array survey of neutral hydrogen in Virgo Cluster spirals. 3: Surface density profiles of the gas, AJ 107, 1003

  118. Chabrier, G., 2003, Galactic Stellar and Substellar Initial Mass Function, PASP 115, 763

  119. Charlot, S., Bruzual, A.G., 1991, Stellar population synthesis revisited, ApJ 367, 126

  120. Charlot, S., Worthey, G., Bressan, A., 1996, Uncertainties in the Modeling of Old Stellar Populations, ApJ 457, 625

  121. Chemin, L., Balkowski, C., Cayatte, V., Carignan, C., Amram, P., Garrido, O., Hernandez, O., Marcelin, M., Adami, C., Boselli, A., Boulesteix, J., 2006a, A Virgo high-resolution Hα kinematical survey - II. The Atlas, MNRAS 366, 812

  122. Chemin, L., Carignan, C., Drouin, N., Freeman, K.C., 2006b, H I Studies of the Sculptor Group Galaxies. VIII. The Background Galaxies: NGC 24 and NGC 45, AJ 132, 2527

  123. Chemin, L., Carignan, C., Foster, T., 2009, H I Kinematics and Dynamics of Messier 31, ApJ 705, 1395

  124. Chemin, L., Hernandez, O., 2009, A slow bar in a dark matter dominated galaxy, A&A 499, L25

  125. Chen, C.W., Côté, P., West, A.A., Peng, E.W., Ferrarese, L., 2010, Homogeneous UGRIZ Photometry for ACS Virgo Cluster Survey Galaxies: A Non-parametric Analysis from SDSS Imaging, ApJS 191, 1

  126. Chen, J., Koushiappas, S.M., Zentner, A.R., 2011, The Effects of Halo-to-halo Variation on Substructure Lensing, ApJ 741, 117

  127. Chen, J., Kravtsov, A.V., Keeton, C.R., 2003, Lensing Optical Depths for Substructure and Isolated Dark Matter Halos, ApJ 592, 24

  128. Chen, Y.M., Kauffmann, G., Tremonti, C.A., White, S., Heckman, T.M., Kovač, K., Bundy, K., Chisholm, J., Maraston, C., Schneider, D.P., Bolton, A.S., Weaver, B.A., Brinkmann, J., 2012, Evolution of the most massive galaxies to z= 0.6 - I. A new method for physical parameter estimation, MNRAS 421, 314

  129. Churazov, E., Forman, W., Vikhlinin, A., Tremaine, S., Gerhard, O., Jones, C., 2008, Measuring the non-thermal pressure in early-type galaxy atmospheres: a comparison of X-ray and optical potential profiles in M87 and NGC 1399, MNRAS 388, 1062

  130. Churazov, E., Tremaine, S., Forman, W., Gerhard, O., Das, P., Vikhlinin, A., Jones, C., Böhringer, H., Gebhardt, K., 2010, Comparison of approximately isothermal gravitational potentials of elliptical galaxies based on X-ray an d optical data, MNRAS 404, 1165

  131. Cimatti, A., Cassata, P., Pozzetti, L., Kurk, J., Mignoli, M., Renzini, A., Daddi, E., Bolzonella, M., Brusa, M., Rodighiero, G., Dickinson, M., Franceschini, A., Zamorani, G., Berta, S., Rosati, P., Halliday, C., 2008, GMASS ultradeep spectroscopy of galaxies at z ∼ 2. II. Superdense passive galaxies: how did they form and evolve?, A&A 482, 21

  132. Coccato, L., Arnaboldi, M., Gerhard, O., Freeman, K.C., Ventimiglia, G., Yasuda, N., 2010, Kinematics and line strength indices in the halos of the Coma brightest cluster galaxies NGC 4874 and NGC 4889, A&A 519, A95

  133. Coccato, L., Gerhard, O., Arnaboldi, M., Das, P., Douglas, N.G., Kuijken, K., Merrifield, M.R., Napolitano, N.R., Noordermeer, E., Romanowsky, A.J., Capaccioli, M., Cortesi, A., de Lorenzi, F., Freeman, K.C., 2009, Kinematic properties of early-type galaxy haloes using planetary nebulae, MNRAS 394, 1249

  134. Coles, J., 2008, A New Estimate of the Hubble Time with Improved Modeling of Gravitational Lenses, ApJ 679, 17

  135. Colín, P., Klypin, A.A., Kravtsov, A.V., 2000, Velocity Bias in a Λ Cold Dark Matter Model, ApJ 539, 561

  136. Conroy, C., 2013, Modeling the Panchromatic Spectral Energy Distributions of Galaxies, ARA&A 51, 393

  137. Conroy, C., Dutton, A.A., Graves, G.J., Mendel, J.T., van Dokkum, P.G., 2013, Dynamical Versus Stellar Masses in Compact Early-Type Galaxies: Further Evidence for Systematic Variation in the Stellar Initial Mass Function, arXiv:1306.2316

  138. Conroy, C., Gunn, J.E., 2010, The Propagation of Uncertainties in Stellar Population Synthesis Modeling. III. Model Calibration, Comparison, and Evaluation, ApJ 712, 833

  139. Conroy, C., Gunn, J.E., White, M., 2009, The Propagation of Uncertainties in Stellar Population Synthesis Modeling. I. The Relevance of Uncertain Aspects of Stellar Evolution and the Initial Mass Function to the Derived Physical Properties of Galaxies, ApJ 699, 486

  140. Conroy, C., Prada, F., Newman, J.A., Croton, D., Coil, A.L., Conselice, C.J., Cooper, M.C., Davis, M., Faber, S.M., Gerke, B.F., Guhathakurta, P., Klypin, A., Koo, D.C., Yan, R., 2007, Evolution in the Halo Masses of Isolated Galaxies between z ~ 1 and z ~ 0: From DEEP2 to SDSS, ApJ 654, 153

  141. Conroy, C., van Dokkum, P.G., 2012, The Stellar Initial Mass Function in Early-type Galaxies From Absorption Line Spectroscopy. II. Results, ApJ 760, 71

  142. Cooray, A., Sheth, R., 2002, Halo models of large scale structure, Physics Reports 372, 1

  143. Corsini, E.M., 2011, Direct measurements of bar pattern speeds, Memorie della Societa Astronomica Italiana Supplementi 18, 23

  144. Corsini, E.M., Pizzella, A., Sarzi, M., Cinzano, P., Vega Beltrán, J.C., Funes, J.G., Bertola, F., Persic, M., Salucci, P., 1999, Dark matter in early-type spiral galaxies: the case of NGC 2179 and of NGC 2775, A&A 342, 671

  145. Côté, P., McLaughlin, D.E., Cohen, J.G., Blakeslee, J.P., 2003, Dynamics of the Globular Cluster System Associated with M49 (NGC 4472): Cluster Orbital Properties and the Distribution of Dark Matter, ApJ 591, 850

  146. Courteau, S., 1992, Tully-Fisher distances and motions in the northern sky, PhD Thesis, University of California, Santa Cruz

  147. Courteau, S., 1997, Optical Rotation Curves and Linewidths for Tully-Fisher Applications, AJ 114, 2402

  148. Courteau, S., Andersen, D.R., Bershady, M.A., MacArthur, L.A., Rix, H.W., 2003, The Tully-Fisher Relation of Barred Galaxies, ApJ 594, 208

  149. Courteau, S., Rix, H.W., 1999, Maximal Disks and the Tully-Fisher Relation, ApJ 513, 561

  150. Courteau, S., Sohn, Y.J., 2003, Galaxy Evolution from Emission Linewidths, in: R. Bender & A. Renzini (ed.), The Mass of Galaxies at Low and High Redshift, p. 204

  151. Courteau, S., van den Bergh, S., 1999, The Solar Motion Relative to the Local Group, AJ 118, 337

  152. Courteau, S., Widrow, L.M., McDonald, M., Guhathakurta, P., Gilbert, K.M., Zhu, Y., Beaton, R.L., Majewski, S.R., 2011, The Luminosity Profile and Structural Parameters of the Andromeda Galaxy, ApJ 739, 20

  153. Cox, T.J., Primack, J., Jonsson, P., Somerville, R.S., 2004, Generating Hot Gas in Simulations of Disk-Galaxy Major Mergers, ApJ 607, L87

  154. Cretton, N., van den Bosch, F.C., 1999, Evidence for a Massive Black Hole in the S0 Galaxy NGC 4342, ApJ 514, 704

  155. Czoske, O., Barnabè, M., Koopmans, L.V.E., Treu, T., Bolton, A.S., 2008, Two-dimensional kinematics of SLACS lenses - I. Phase-space analysis of the early-type galaxy SDSSJ2321-097 at z ~ 0.1, MNRAS 384, 987

  156. Daddi, E., Renzini, A., Pirzkal, N., Cimatti, A., Malhotra, S., Stiavelli, M., Xu, C., Pasquali, A., Rhoads, J.E., Brusa, M., di Serego Alighieri, S., Ferguson, H.C., Koekemoer, A.M., Moustakas, L.A., Panagia, N., Windhorst, R.A., 2005, Passively Evolving Early-Type Galaxies at 1.4 < z < 2.5 in the Hubble Ultra Deep Field, ApJ 626, 680

  157. Dai, X., Anderson, M.E., Bregman, J.N., Miller, J.M., 2012, XMM-Newton Detects a Hot Gaseous Halo in the Fastest Rotating Spiral Galaxy UGC 12591, ApJ 755, 107

  158. Dalal, N., Kochanek, C.S., 2002, Direct Detection of Cold Dark Matter Substructure, ApJ 572, 25

  159. Das, P., Gerhard, O., Mendez, R.H., Teodorescu, A.M., de Lorenzi, F., 2011, Using NMAGIC to probe the dark matter halo and orbital structure of the X-ray bright, massive elliptical galaxy, NGC 4649, MNRAS 415, 1244

  160. Davé, R., Spergel, D.N., Steinhardt, P.J., Wandelt, B.D., 2001, Halo Properties in Cosmological Simulations of Self-interacting Cold Dark Matter, ApJ 547, 574

  161. Davies, R., Genzel, R., 2010, MICADO: The Multi-adaptive Optics Imaging Camera for Deep Observations, The Messenger 140, 32

  162. de Blok, W.J.G., 2010, The Core-Cusp Problem, Advances in Astronomy 2010

  163. de Blok, W.J.G., Walter, F., Brinks, E., Trachternach, C., Oh, S.H., Kennicutt, Jr., R.C., 2008, High-Resolution Rotation Curves and Galaxy Mass Models from THINGS, AJ 136, 2648

  164. de Jong, R.S., 1996, Near-infrared and optical broadband surface photometry of 86 face-on disk dominated galaxies. II. A two-dimensional method to determine bulge and disk parameters, A&AS 118, 557

  165. de Jong, R.S., Bell, E.F., 2007, Comparing Dynamical and Stellar Population Mass-To-Light Ratio Estimates, Island Universes - Structure and Evolution of Disk Galaxies, p. 107

  166. de Jong, R.S., Davies, R.L., 1997, The Shapes and Ages of Elliptical Galaxies, MNRAS 285, L1

  167. de Lorenzi, F., Debattista, V.P., Gerhard, O., Sambhus, N., 2007, NMAGIC: a fast parallel implementation of a χ2-made-to-measure algorithm for modelling observational data, MNRAS 376, 71

  168. de Lorenzi, F., Gerhard, O., Coccato, L., Arnaboldi, M., Capaccioli, M., Douglas, N.G., Freeman, K.C., Kuijken, K., Merrifield, M.R., Napolitano, N.R., Noordermeer, E., Romanowsky, A.J., Debattista, V.P., 2009, Dearth of dark matter or massive dark halo? Mass-shape-anisotropy degeneracies revealed by NMAGIC dynamical models of the elliptical galaxy NGC 3379, MNRAS 395, 76

  169. De Lucia, G., Poggianti, B.M., Aragón-Salamanca, A., White, S.D.M., Zaritsky, D., Clowe, D., Halliday, C., Jablonka, P., von der Linden, A., Milvang-Jensen, B., Pelló, R., Rudnick, G., Saglia, R.P., Simard, L., 2007, The build-up of the colour-magnitude relation in galaxy clusters since z ~ 0.8, MNRAS 374, 809

  170. de Zeeuw, T., 1985, Elliptical galaxies with separable potentials, MNRAS 216, 273

  171. Deason, A.J., Belokurov, V., Evans, N.W., An, J., 2012, Broken degeneracies: the rotation curve and velocity anisotropy of the Milky Way halo, MNRAS 424, L44

  172. Debattista, V.P., Sellwood, J.A., 2000, Constraints from Dynamical Friction on the Dark Matter Content of Barred Galaxies, ApJ 543, 704

  173. Dehnen, W., 2009, Tailoring triaxial N-body models via a novel made-to-measure method, MNRAS 395, 1079

  174. Dehnen, W., Binney, J., 1998, Mass models of the Milky Way, MNRAS 294, 429

  175. Dehnen, W., Gerhard, O.E., 1993, Three-integral models of oblate elliptical galaxies, MNRAS 261, 311

  176. Dehnen, W., King, A., 2006, Probing dark matter with X-ray binaries, MNRAS 367, L29

  177. Dejonghe, H., 1989, A quadratic programming technique for modeling gravitating systems, ApJ 343, 113

  178. Dejonghe, H., Merritt, D., 1992, Inferring the mass of spherical stellar systems from velocity moments, ApJ 391, 531

  179. Dekel, A., Lahav, O., 1999, Stochastic Nonlinear Galaxy Biasing, ApJ 520, 24

  180. Dekel, A., Stoehr, F., Mamon, G.A., Cox, T.J., Novak, G.S., Primack, J.R., 2005, Lost and found dark matter in elliptical galaxies, Nature 437, 707 arXiv:astro-ph/0501622

  181. di Serego Alighieri, S., Gavazzi, G., Giovanardi, C., Giovanelli, R., Grossi, M., Haynes, M.P., Kent, B.R., Koopmann, R.A., Pellegrini, S., Scodeggio, M., Trinchieri, G., 2007, The HI content of early-type galaxies from the ALFALFA survey. I. Catalogued HI sources in the Virgo cluster, A&A 474, 851

  182. Dobler, G., Keeton, C.R., 2006, Finite source effects in strong lensing: implications for the substructure mass scale, MNRAS 365, 1243

  183. Doherty, M., Arnaboldi, M., Das, P., Gerhard, O., Aguerri, J.A.L., Ciardullo, R., Feldmeier, J.J., Freeman, K.C., Jacoby, G.H., Murante, G., 2009, The edge of the M 87 halo and the kinematics of the diffuse light in the Virgo cluster core, A&A 502, 771

  184. Douglas, N.G., Arnaboldi, M., Freeman, K.C., Kuijken, K., Merrifield, M.R., Romanowsky, A.J., Taylor, K., Capaccioli, M., Axelrod, T., Gilmozzi, R., Hart, J., Bloxham, G., Jones, D., 2002, The Planetary Nebula Spectrograph: The Green Light for Galaxy Kinematics, PASP 114, 1234

  185. Douglas, N.G., Napolitano, N.R., Romanowsky, A.J., Coccato, L., Kuijken, K., Merrifield, M.R., Arnaboldi, M., Gerhard, O., Freeman, K.C., Merrett, H.R., Noordermeer, E., Capaccioli, M., 2007, The PN.S Elliptical Galaxy Survey: Data reduction, planetary nebula catalog, and basic dynamics for NGC 3379, ApJ 664, 257

  186. Drukier, A., Stodolsky, L., 1984, Principles and applications of a neutral-current detector for neutrino physics and astronomy, Phys. Rev. D 30, 2295

  187. Dubinski, J., Carlberg, R.G., 1991, The structure of cold dark matter halos, ApJ 378, 496

  188. Dubois, Y., Gavazzi, R., Peirani, S., Silk, J., 2013, AGN-driven quenching of star formation: morphological and dynamical implications for early-type galaxies, MNRAS 433, 3297

  189. Duffy, A.R., Schaye, J., Kay, S.T., Dalla Vecchia, C., 2008, Dark matter halo concentrations in the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe year 5 cosmology, MNRAS 390, L64

  190. Duffy, A.R., Schaye, J., Kay, S.T., Dalla Vecchia, C., Battye, R.A., Booth, C.M., 2010, Impact of baryon physics on dark matter structures: a detailed simulation study of halo density profiles, MNRAS 405, 2161

  191. Dutton, A.A., Brewer, B.J., Marshall, P.J., Auger, M.W., Treu, T., Koo, D.C., Bolton, A.S., Holden, B.P., Koopmans, L.V.E., 2011a, The SWELLS survey - II. Breaking the disc-halo degeneracy in the spiral galaxy gravitational lens SDSS J2141-0001, MNRAS 417, 1621

  192. Dutton, A.A., Conroy, C., van den Bosch, F.C., Prada, F., More, S., 2010, The kinematic connection between galaxies and dark matter haloes, MNRAS 407, 2

  193. Dutton, A.A., Conroy, C., van den Bosch, F.C., Simard, L., Mendel, J.T., Courteau, S., Dekel, A., More, S., Prada, F., 2011b, Dark halo response and the stellar initial mass function in early-type and late-type galaxies, MNRAS 416, 322

  194. Dutton, A.A., Courteau, S., de Jong, R., Carignan, C., 2005, Mass Modeling of Disk Galaxies: Degeneracies, Constraints, and Adiabatic Contraction, ApJ 619, 218

  195. Dutton, A.A., Macciò, A.V., Mendel, J.T., Simard, L., 2013, Universal IMF versus dark halo response in early-type galaxies: breaking the degeneracy with the Fundamental Plane, MNRAS 432, 2496

  196. Dutton, A.A., Mendel, J.T., Simard, L., 2012, Evidence for a non-universal stellar initial mass function in low-redshift high-density early-type galaxies, MNRAS 422, L33

  197. Dutton, A.A., Treu, T., 2013, The bulge-halo conspiracy in massive elliptical galaxies: implications for the stellar initial mass function and halo response to baryonic processes, arXiv:1303.4389

  198. Dutton, A.A., van den Bosch, F.C., Dekel, A., Courteau, S., 2007, A Revised Model for the Formation of Disk Galaxies: Low Spin and Dark Halo Expansion, ApJ 654, 27

  199. Eddington, A.S., 1916, The distribution of stars in globular clusters, MNRAS 76, 572

  200. Einasto, J., 1965, Trudy Inst. Astroz. Alma-Ata 51, 87

  201. Einasto, J., 1969, On Galactic Descriptive Functions, Astronomische Nachrichten 291, 97

  202. Einasto, J., Haud, U., 1989, Galactic models with massive corona. I - Method. II - Galaxy, A&A 223, 89

  203. Eisenstein, D.J., Annis, J., Gunn, J.E., Szalay, A.S., Connolly, A.J., Nichol, R.C., Bahcall, N.A., Bernardi, M., Burles, S., Castander, F.J., Fukugita, M., Hogg, D.W., Ivezić, Ž., Knapp, G.R., Lupton, R.H., Narayanan, V., Postman, M., Reichart, D.E., Richmond, M., Schneider, D.P., Schlegel, D.J., Strauss, M.A., SubbaRao, M., Tucker, D.L., Vanden Berk, D., Vogeley, M.S., Weinberg, D.H., Yanny, B., 2001, Spectroscopic Target Selection for the Sloan Digital Sky Survey: The Luminous Red Galaxy Sample, AJ 122, 2267

  204. El-Zant, A., Shlosman, I., Hoffman, Y., 2001, Dark Halos: The Flattening of the Density Cusp by Dynamical Friction, ApJ 560, 636

  205. Emsellem, E., Cappellari, M., Krajnović, D., Alatalo, K., Blitz, L., Bois, M., Bournaud, F., Bureau, M., Davies, R.L., Davis, T.A., de Zeeuw, P.T., Khochfar, S., Kuntschner, H., Lablanche, P.Y., McDermid, R.M., Morganti, R., Naab, T., Oosterloo, T., Sarzi, M., Scott, N., Serra, P., van de Ven, G., Weijmans, A.M., Young, L.M., 2011, The ATLAS3D project - III. A census of the stellar angular momentum within the effective radius of early-type galaxies: unveiling the distribution of fast and slow rotators, MNRAS 414, 888

  206. Emsellem, E., Cappellari, M., Krajnović, D., van de Ven, G., Bacon, R., Bureau, M., Davies, R.L., de Zeeuw, P.T., Falcón-Barroso, J., Kuntschner, H., McDermid, R., Peletier, R.F., Sarzi, M., 2007, The SAURON project - IX. A kinematic classification for early-type galaxies, MNRAS 379, 401

  207. Emsellem, E., Dejonghe, H., Bacon, R., 1999, Dynamical models of NGC 3115, MNRAS 303, 495

  208. Emsellem, E., Monnet, G., Bacon, R., 1994, The multi-gaussian expansion method: a tool for building realistic photometric and kinematical models of stellar systems I. The formalism, A&A 285, 723

  209. Englmaier, P., Gerhard, O., 1999, Gas dynamics and large-scale morphology of the Milky Way galaxy, MNRAS 304, 512

  210. Englmaier, P., Gerhard, O., 2006, Milky Way Gas Dynamics, Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy 94, 369

  211. Faber, S.M., 1972, Quadratic programming applied to the problem of galaxy population synthesis, A&A 20, 361

  212. Faber, S.M., Gallagher, J.S., 1979, Masses and mass-to-light ratios of galaxies, ARA&A 17, 135

  213. Fahlman, G., Kaiser, N., Squires, G., Woods, D., 1994, Dark matter in MS 1224 from distortion of background galaxies, ApJ 437, 56

  214. Famaey, B., McGaugh, S.S., 2012, Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND): Observational Phenomenology and Relativistic Extensions, Living Reviews in Relativity 15, 10

  215. Feng, J.L., 2010, Dark Matter Candidates from Particle Physics and Methods of Detection, ARA&A 48, 495

  216. Féron, C., Hjorth, J., McKean, J.P., Samsing, J., 2009, A Search for Disk-Galaxy Lenses in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, ApJ 696, 1319

  217. Ferreras, I., La Barbera, F., de la Rosa, I.G., Vazdekis, A., de Carvalho, R.R., Falcón-Barroso, J., Ricciardelli, E., 2013, Systematic variation of the stellar initial mass function with velocity dispersion in early-type galaxies, MNRAS 429, L15

  218. Fioc, M., Rocca-Volmerange, B., 1997, PEGASE: a UV to NIR spectral evolution model of galaxies. Application to the calibration of bright galaxy counts, A&A 326, 950

  219. Fischer, P., McKay, T.A., Sheldon, E., Connolly, A., Stebbins, A., Frieman, J.A., Jain, B., Joffre, M., Johnston, D., Bernstein, G., Annis, J., Bahcall, N.A., Brinkmann, J., Carr, M.A., Csabai, I., Gunn, J.E., Hennessy, G.S., Hindsley, R.B., Hull, C., Ivezić, Ž., Knapp, G.R., Limmongkol, S., Lupton, R.H., Munn, J.A., Nash, T., Newberg, H.J., Owen, R., Pier, J.R., Rockosi, C.M., Schneider, D.P., Smith, J.A., Stoughton, C., Szalay, A.S., Szokoly, G.P., Thakar, A.R., Vogeley, M.S., Waddell, P., Weinberg, D.H., York, D.G., The SDSS Collaboration, 2000, Weak Lensing with Sloan Digital Sky Survey Commissioning Data: The Galaxy-Mass Correlation Function to 1H-1 Mpc, AJ 120, 1198

  220. Fisher, D., 1997, Kinematic Profiles of SO Galaxies, AJ 113, 950

  221. Flynn, C., Holmberg, J., Portinari, L., Fuchs, B., Jahreiß, H., 2006, On the mass-to-light ratio of the local Galactic disc and the optical luminosity of the Galaxy, MNRAS 372, 1149

  222. Förster Schreiber, N.M., Genzel, R., Lehnert, M.D., Bouché, N., Verma, A., Erb, D.K., Shapley, A.E., Steidel, C.C., Davies, R., Lutz, D., Nesvadba, N., Tacconi, L.J., Eisenhauer, F., Abuter, R., Gilbert, A., Gillessen, S., Sternberg, A., 2006, SINFONI Integral Field Spectroscopy of z∼2 UV-selected Galaxies: Rotation Curves and Dynamical Evolution, ApJ 645, 1062

  223. Foster, C., Spitler, L.R., Romanowsky, A.J., Forbes, D.A., Pota, V., Bekki, K., Strader, J., Proctor, R.N., Arnold, J.A., Brodie, J.P., 2011, Global properties of 'ordinary' early-type galaxies: photometry and spectroscopy of stars and globular clusters in NGC 4494, MNRAS 415, 3393

  224. Franx, M., van Gorkom, J.H., de Zeeuw, T., 1994, Evidence for axisymmetric halos: The case of IC 2006, ApJ 436, 642

  225. Freeman, K.C., 1970, On the Disks of Spiral and S0 Galaxies, ApJ 160, 811

  226. Fu, L., Semboloni, E., Hoekstra, H., Kilbinger, M., van Waerbeke, L., Tereno, I., Mellier, Y., Heymans, C., Coupon, J., Benabed, K., Benjamin, J., Bertin, E., Doré, O., Hudson, M.J., Ilbert, O., Maoli, R., Marmo, C., McCracken, H.J., Ménard, B., 2008, Very weak lensing in the CFHTLS wide: cosmology from cosmic shear in the linear regime, Astron. Astrophys. 479, 9

  227. Fukazawa, Y., Botoya-Nonesa, J.G., Pu, J., Ohto, A., Kawano, N., 2006, Scaling Mass Profiles around Elliptical Galaxies Observed with Chandra and XMM-Newton, ApJ 636, 698

  228. Fux, R., 1997, 3D self-consistent N-body barred models of the Milky Way. I. Stellar dynamics, A&A 327, 983

  229. Fux, R., 1999, 3D self-consistent N-body barred models of the Milky Way. II. Gas dynamics, A&A 345, 787

  230. Gallazzi, A., Bell, E.F., 2009, Stellar Mass-to-Light Ratios from Galaxy Spectra: How Accurate Can They Be?, ApJS 185, 253

  231. Gallazzi, A., Charlot, S., Brinchmann, J., White, S.D.M., Tremonti, C.A., 2005, The ages and metallicities of galaxies in the local universe, MNRAS 362, 41

  232. Garbari, S., Liu, C., Read, J.I., Lake, G., 2012, A new determination of the local dark matter density from the kinematics of K dwarfs, MNRAS 425, 1445

  233. Gavazzi, R., Treu, T., Koopmans, L.V.E., Bolton, A.S., Moustakas, L.A., Burles, S., Marshall, P.J., 2008, The Sloan Lens ACS Survey. VI. Discovery and Analysis of a Double Einstein Ring, ApJ 677, 1046

  234. Gavazzi, R., Treu, T., Marshall, P.J., Brault, F., Ruff, A., 2012, The SL2S Galaxy-scale Gravitational Lens Sample. I. The Alignment of Mass and Light in Massive Early-type Galaxies at z = 0.2-0.9, ApJ 761, 170

  235. Gavazzi, R., Treu, T., Rhodes, J.D., Koopmans, L.V.E., Bolton, A.S., Burles, S., Massey, R.J., Moustakas, L.A., 2007, The Sloan Lens ACS Survey. IV. The Mass Density Profile of Early-Type Galaxies out to 100 Effective Radii, ApJ 667, 176

  236. Gebhardt, K., et al., 2003, Axisymmetric Dynamical Models of the Central Regions of Galaxies, ApJ 583, 92

  237. Geehan, J.J., Fardal, M.A., Babul, A., Guhathakurta, P., 2006, Investigating the Andromeda stream - I. Simple analytic bulge-disc-halo model for M31, MNRAS 366, 996

  238. Geha, M., van der Marel, R.P., Guhathakurta, P., Gilbert, K.M., Kalirai, J., Kirby, E.N., 2010, Local Group Dwarf Elliptical Galaxies. II. Stellar Kinematics to Large Radii in NGC 147 and NGC 185, ApJ 711, 361

  239. Gerhard, O., 2013, Dark matter in massive galaxies 295, 211

  240. Gerhard, O., Jeske, G., Saglia, R.P., Bender, R., 1998, Breaking the degeneracy between anisotropy and mass - The dark halo of the E0 galaxy NGC 6703, MNRAS 295, 197

  241. Gerhard, O., Kronawitter, A., Saglia, R.P., Bender, R., 2001, Dynamical Family Properties and Dark Halo Scaling Relations of Giant Elliptical Galaxies, AJ 121, 1936

  242. Gerhard, O.E., Vietri, M., 1986, The Peculiar Shape of the Inner Galactic Rotation Curve, MNRAS 223, 377

  243. Gerssen, J., Kuijken, K., Merrifield, M.R., 1997, The shape of the velocity ellipsoid in NGC 488, MNRAS 288, 618

  244. Gerssen, J., Kuijken, K., Merrifield, M.R., 2000, Disc heating in NGC 2985, MNRAS 317, 545

  245. Ghez, A.M., Salim, S., Weinberg, N.N., et al., 2008, Measuring Distance and Properties of the Milky Way's Central Supermassive Black Hole with Stellar Orbits, ApJ 689, 1044

  246. Gillessen, S., Eisenhauer, F., Trippe, S., et al., 2009, Monitoring Stellar Orbits Around the Massive Black Hole in the Galactic Center, ApJ 692, 1075

  247. Gilmore, G., Wilkinson, M.I., Wyse, R.F.G., Kleyna, J.T., Koch, A., Evans, N.W., Grebel, E.K., 2007, The Observed Properties of Dark Matter on Small Spatial Scales, ApJ 663, 948

  248. Giovanelli, R., Haynes, M.P., 2002, The Inner Scale Length of Spiral Galaxy Rotation Curves, ApJ 571, L107

  249. Giovanelli, R., Haynes, M.P., Rubin, V.C., Ford, Jr., W.K., 1986, UGC 12591 - The most rapidly rotating disk galaxy, ApJ 301, L7

  250. Gnedin, O.Y., Brown, W.R., Geller, M.J., Kenyon, S.J., 2010, The Mass Profile of the Galaxy to 80 kpc, ApJ 720, L108

  251. Gnedin, O.Y., Kravtsov, A.V., Klypin, A.A., Nagai, D., 2004, Response of Dark Matter Halos to Condensation of Baryons: Cosmological Simulations and Improved Adiabatic Contraction Model, ApJ 616, 16

  252. Gómez, F.A., Minchev, I., O'Shea, B.W., Beers, T.C., Bullock, J.S., Purcell, C.W., 2013, Vertical density waves in the Milky Way disc induced by the Sagittarius dwarf galaxy, MNRAS 429, 159

  253. Goodman, M.W., Witten, E., 1985, Detectability of certain dark-matter candidates, Phys. Rev. D 31, 3059

  254. Goudfrooij, P., Kruijssen, J.M.D., 2013, The Optical Colors of Giant Elliptical Galaxies and their Metal-Rich Globular Cluster s Indicate a Bottom-Heavy Initial Mass Function, ApJ 762, 107

  255. Governato, F., Zolotov, A., Pontzen, A., Christensen, C., Oh, S.H., Brooks, A.M., Quinn, T., Shen, S., Wadsley, J., 2012, Cuspy no more: how outflows affect the central dark matter and baryon distribution in Λ cold dark matter galaxies, MNRAS 422, 1231

  256. Graff, P., Hobson, M.P., Lasenby, A., 2011, An investigation into the Multiple Optimised Parameter Estimation and Data compression algorithm, MNRAS 413, L66

  257. Greggio, L., Renzini, A., 2011, Stellar Populations. A User Guide from Low to High Redshift

  258. Guzik, J., Seljak, U., 2001, Galaxy-dark matter correlations applied to galaxy-galaxy lensing: predictions from the semi-analytic galaxy formation models, MNRAS 321, 439

  259. Guzik, J., Seljak, U., 2002, Virial masses of galactic haloes from galaxy-galaxy lensing: theoretical modelling and application to Sloan Digital Sky Survey data, MNRAS 335, 311

  260. Halkola, A., Seitz, S., Pannella, M., 2007, The Sizes of Galaxy Halos in Galaxy Cluster Abell 1689, ApJ 656, 739

  261. Hall, M., Courteau, S., Dutton, A.A., McDonald, M., Zhu, Y., 2012, An investigation of Sloan Digital Sky Survey imaging data and multiband scaling relations of spiral galaxies, MNRAS 425, 2741

  262. Hayashi, E., Navarro, J.F., Springel, V., 2007, The shape of the gravitational potential in cold dark matter haloes, MNRAS 377, 50

  263. Haynes, M.P., Giovanelli, R., 1984, Neutral hydrogen in isolated galaxies. IV - Results for the Arecibo sample, AJ 89, 758

  264. Helmi, A., 2004, Is the dark halo of our Galaxy spherical?, MNRAS 351, 643

  265. Hernquist, L., 1990, An analytical model for spherical galaxies and bulges, ApJ 356, 359

  266. Hewett, P.C., Warren, S.J., Willis, J.P., Bland-Hawthorn, J., Lewis, G.F., 2000, High-Redshift Gravitationally Lensed Galaxies and Tunable Filter Imaging, in: W. van Breugel & J. Bland-Hawthorn (ed.), Imaging the Universe in Three Dimensions, vol. 195 of Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series, p. 94

  267. Heymans, C., Bell, E.F., Rix, H., Barden, M., Borch, A., Caldwell, J.A.R., McIntosh, D.H., Meisenheimer, K., Peng, C.Y., Wolf, C., Beckwith, S.V.W., Häußler, B., Jahnke, K., Jogee, S., Sánchez, S.F., Somerville, R., Wisotzki, L., 2006, A weak lensing estimate from GEMS of the virial to stellar mass ratio in massive galaxies to z ~ 0.8, MNRAS 371, L60

  268. Hildebrandt, H., van Waerbeke, L., Erben, T., 2009, CARS: The CFHTLS-Archive-Research Survey. III. First detection of cosmic magnification in samples of normal high-z galaxies, Astron. Astrophys. 507, 683

  269. Hoekstra, H., Hsieh, B.C., Yee, H.K.C., Lin, H., Gladders, M.D., 2005, Virial Masses and the Baryon Fraction in Galaxies, ApJ 635, 73

  270. Hoekstra, H., Jain, B., 2008, Weak Gravitational Lensing and Its Cosmological Applications, Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science 58, 99

  271. Hoekstra, H., van Waerbeke, L., Gladders, M.D., Mellier, Y., Yee, H.K.C., 2002, Weak Lensing Study of Galaxy Biasing, ApJ 577, 604

  272. Hoekstra, H., Yee, H.K.C., Gladders, M.D., 2001, Measurement of the Bias Parameter from Weak Lensing, ApJ 558, L11

  273. Hoekstra, H., Yee, H.K.C., Gladders, M.D., 2004, Properties of Galaxy Dark Matter Halos from Weak Lensing, ApJ 606, 67

  274. Holmberg, J., Flynn, C., 2000, The local density of matter mapped by Hipparcos, MNRAS 313, 209

  275. Howell, P.J., Brainerd, T.G., 2010, Galaxy-galaxy lensing by non-spherical haloes - I. Theoretical considerations, MNRAS 407, 891

  276. Huchra, J., Gorenstein, M., Kent, S., Shapiro, I., Smith, G., Horine, E., Perley, R., 1985, 2237 + 0305: A new and unusual gravitational lens, AJ 90, 691

  277. Hudson, M.J., Gwyn, S.D.J., Dahle, H., Kaiser, N., 1998, Galaxy-Galaxy Lensing in the Hubble Deep Field: The Halo Tully-Fisher Relation at Intermediate Redshift, ApJ 503, 531

  278. Humphrey, P.J., Buote, D.A., 2010, The slope of the mass profile and the tilt of the Fundamental Plane in early-type galaxies, MNRAS 403, 2143

  279. Humphrey, P.J., Buote, D.A., Canizares, C.R., Fabian, A.C., Miller, J.M., 2011, A Census of Baryons and Dark Matter in an Isolated, Milky Way Sized Elliptical Galaxy, ApJ 729, 53

  280. Humphrey, P.J., Buote, D.A., Gastaldello, F., Zappacosta, L., Bullock, J.S., Brighenti, F., Mathews, W.G., 2006, A Chandra View of Dark Matter in Early-Type Galaxies, ApJ 646, 899

  281. Hunter, C., de Zeeuw, P.T., 1992, Triaxial galaxy models with thin tube orbits, ApJ 389, 79

  282. Hunter, C., Qian, E., 1993, Two-integral distribution functions for axisymmetric galaxies, MNRAS 262, 401

  283. Hwang, H.S., Lee, M.G., Park, H.S., Kim, S.C., Park, J.H., Sohn, Y.J., Lee, S.G., Rey, S.C., Lee, Y.W., Kim, H.I., 2008, The Globular Cluster System of M60 (NGC 4649). II. Kinematics of the Globular Cluster System, ApJ 674, 869

  284. Ilbert, O., Salvato, M., Le Floc'h, E., Aussel, H., Capak, P., McCracken, H.J., Mobasher, B., Kartaltepe, J., Scoville, N., Sanders, D.B., Arnouts, S., Bundy, K., Cassata, P., Kneib, J.P., Koekemoer, A., Le Fèvre, O., Lilly, S., Surace, J., Taniguchi, Y., Tasca, L., Thompson, D., Tresse, L., Zamojski, M., Zamorani, G., Zucca, E., 2010, Galaxy Stellar Mass Assembly Between 0.2 < z < 2 from the S-COSMOS Survey, ApJ 709, 644

  285. Ivezic, Z., Tyson, J.A., Acosta, E., for the LSST Collaboration, e., 2008, LSST: from Science Drivers to Reference Design and Anticipated Data Products, arXiv:0805.2366

  286. Jackson, N., Bryan, S.E., Mao, S., Li, C., 2010, Satellites in the field and lens galaxies: SDSS/COSMOS versus SLACS/CLASS, MNRAS 403, 826

  287. Jardel, J.R., Gebhardt, K., 2012, The Dark Matter Density Profile of the Fornax Dwarf, ApJ 746, 89

  288. Jaunsen, A.O., Hjorth, J., 1997, Detection of a spiral lens galaxy and optical variability in the gravitational lens system B1600+434, A&A 317, L39

  289. Jeans, J.H., 1922, The motions of stars in a Kapteyn universe, MNRAS 82, 122

  290. Jing, Y.P., Suto, Y., 2002a, Triaxial Modeling of Halo Density Profiles with High-Resolution N-Body Simulations, ApJ 574, 538

  291. Jing, Y.P., Suto, Y., 2002b, Triaxial Modeling of Halo Density Profiles with High-Resolution N-Body Simulations, ApJ 574, 538

  292. Johansson, P.H., Burkert, A., Naab, T., 2009, The Evolution of Black Hole Scaling Relations in Galaxy Mergers, ApJ 707, L184

  293. Kahn, F.D., Woltjer, L., 1959, Intergalactic Matter and the Galaxy, ApJ 130, 705

  294. Kaiser, N., Squires, G., 1993, Mapping the dark matter with weak gravitational lensing, ApJ 404, 441

  295. Kapteyn, J.C., 1922, First Attempt at a Theory of the Arrangement and Motion of the Sidereal System, ApJ 55, 302

  296. Kassin, S.A., de Jong, R.S., Weiner, B.J., 2006, Dark and Baryonic Matter in Bright Spiral Galaxies. II. Radial Distributions for 34 Galaxies, ApJ 643, 804

  297. Kauffmann, G., Heckman, T.M., Tremonti, C., Brinchmann, J., Charlot, S., White, S.D.M., Ridgway, S.E., Brinkmann, J., Fukugita, M., Hall, P.B., Ivezić, Ž., Richards, G.T., Schneider, D.P., 2003, The host galaxies of active galactic nuclei, MNRAS 346, 1055

  298. Kayser, R., Refsdal, S., 1983, The difference in light travel time between gravitational lens images. I - Generalization of the wavefront method to arbitrary deflectors and inhomogeneous universes, A&A 128, 156

  299. Kazantzidis, S., Abadi, M.G., Navarro, J.F., 2010, The Sphericalization of Dark Matter Halos by Galaxy Disks, ApJ 720, L62

  300. Kazantzidis, S., Kravtsov, A.V., Zentner, A.R., Allgood, B., Nagai, D., Moore, B., 2004, The Effect of Gas Cooling on the Shapes of Dark Matter Halos, ApJ 611, L73

  301. Keeton, C.R., 2001, Cold Dark Matter and Strong Gravitational Lensing: Concord or Conflict?, ApJ 561, 46

  302. Keeton, C.R., Kochanek, C.S., Seljak, U., 1997, Shear and Ellipticity in Gravitational Lenses, ApJ 482, 604

  303. Kennicutt, R.C., 1983, On the evolution of the spiral galaxies in the Virgo cluster, AJ 88, 483

  304. Kent, S.M., 1986, Dark matter in spiral galaxies. I - Galaxies with optical rotation curves, AJ 91, 1301

  305. Kent, S.M., 1987, Dark matter in spiral galaxies. II - Galaxies with H I rotation curves, AJ 93, 816

  306. Kent, S.M., 1992, Galactic structure from the spacelab infrared telescope. III - A dynamical model for the Milky Way bulge, ApJ 387, 181

  307. Kent, S.M., Dame, T.M., Fazio, G., 1991, Galactic structure from the Spacelab infrared telescope. II - Luminosity models of the Milky Way, ApJ 378, 131

  308. Kerr, F.J., Bowers, P.F., Jackson, P.D., Kerr, M., 1986, Fully sampled neutral hydrogen survey of the southern Milky Way, A&As 66, 373

  309. Kleinheinrich, M., Schneider, P., Rix, H., Erben, T., Wolf, C., Schirmer, M., Meisenheimer, K., Borch, A., Dye, S., Kovacs, Z., Wisotzki, L., 2006, Weak lensing measurements of dark matter halos of galaxies from COMBO-17, Astron. Astrophys. 455, 441

  310. Klimentowski, J., Łokas, E.L., Kazantzidis, S., Mayer, L., Mamon, G.A., Prada, F., 2009, The orientation and kinematics of inner tidal tails around dwarf galaxies orbiting the Milky Way, MNRAS 400, 2162

  311. Klimentowski, J., Łokas, E.L., Kazantzidis, S., Prada, F., Mayer, L., Mamon, G.A., 2007, Mass modelling of dwarf spheroidal galaxies: the effect of unbound stars from tidal tails and the Milky Way, MNRAS 378, 353

  312. Klypin, A., Prada, F., 2009, Testing Gravity With Motion of Satellites Around Galaxies: Newtonian Gravity Against Modified Newtonian Dynamics, ApJ 690, 1488

  313. Klypin, A., Zhao, H., Somerville, R.S., 2002, ΛCDM-based Models for the Milky Way and M31. I. Dynamical Models, ApJ 573, 597

  314. Knapp, G.R., Turner, E.L., Cunniffe, P.E., 1985, The statistical distribution of the neutral-hydrogen content of elliptical galaxies, AJ 90, 454

  315. Kochanek, C.S., 1991, The implications of lenses for galaxy structure, ApJ 373, 354

  316. Kochanek, C.S., 1996, The Mass of the Milky Way, ApJ 457, 228

  317. Kochanek, C.S., 2006, Strong Gravitational Lensing, p. 91

  318. Kochanek, C.S., Dalal, N., 2004, Tests for Substructure in Gravitational Lenses, ApJ 610, 69

  319. Koopmans, L., 2004, Dark-Matter and Baryons in Early-type Lens Galaxies, in: Dettmar, R., Klein, U., Salucci, P. (eds.), Baryons in Dark Matter Halos

  320. Koopmans, L.V.E., 2005, Gravitational imaging of cold dark matter substructures, MNRAS 363, 1136

  321. Koopmans, L.V.E., Biggs, A., Blandford, R.D., Browne, I.W.A., Jackson, N.J., Mao, S., Wilkinson, P.N., de Bruyn, A.G., Wambsganss, J., 2003, Extrinsic Radio Variability of JVAS/CLASS Gravitational Lenses, ApJ 595, 712

  322. Koopmans, L.V.E., Bolton, A., Treu, T., Czoske, O., Auger, M.W., Barnabè, M., Vegetti, S., Gavazzi, R., Moustakas, L.A., Burles, S., 2009, The Structure and Dynamics of Massive Early-Type Galaxies: On Homology, Isothermality, and Isotropy Inside One Effective Radius, ApJ 703, L51

  323. Koopmans, L.V.E., de Bruyn, A.G., Jackson, N., 1998, The edge-on spiral gravitational lens B1600+434, MNRAS 295, 534

  324. Koopmans, L.V.E., Treu, T., 2002, The Stellar Velocity Dispersion of the Lens Galaxy in MG 2016+112 at z = 1.004, ApJ 568, L5

  325. Koopmans, L.V.E., Treu, T., 2003, The Structure and Dynamics of Luminous and Dark Matter in the Early-Type Lens Galaxy of 0047-281 at z = 0.485, ApJ 583, 606

  326. Koopmans, L.V.E., Treu, T., Bolton, A.S., Burles, S., Moustakas, L.A., 2006, The Sloan Lens ACS Survey. III. The Structure and Formation of Early-Type Galaxies and Their Evolution since z ~ 1, ApJ 649, 599

  327. Koposov, S.E., Rix, H.W., Hogg, D.W., 2010, Constraining the Milky Way Potential with a Six-Dimensional Phase-Space Map of the GD-1 Stellar Stream, ApJ 712, 260

  328. Kormendy, J., Fisher, D.B., Cornell, M.E., Bender, R., 2009, Structure and Formation of Elliptical and Spheroidal Galaxies, ApJS 182, 216

  329. Kormendy, J., Ho, L.C., 2013, Coevolution (Or Not) of Supermassive Black Holes and Host Galaxies, ARA&A 51, 511

  330. Krajnović, D., Cappellari, M., Emsellem, E., McDermid, R.M., de Zeeuw, P.T., 2005, Dynamical modelling of stars and gas in NGC 2974: determination of mass-to-light ratio, inclination and orbital structure using the Schwarzschild method, MNRAS 357, 1113

  331. Krajnović, D., Emsellem, E., Cappellari, M., Alatalo, K., Blitz, L., Bois, M., Bournaud, F., Bureau, M., Davies, R.L., Davis, T.A., de Zeeuw, P.T., Khochfar, S., Kuntschner, H., Lablanche, P.Y., McDermid, R.M., Morganti, R., Naab, T., Oosterloo, T., Sarzi, M., Scott, N., Serra, P., Weijmans, A.M., Young, L.M., 2011, The ATLAS3D project - II. Morphologies, kinemetric features and alignment between photometric and kinematic axes of early-type galaxies, MNRAS 414, 2923

  332. Kranz, T., Slyz, A., Rix, H.W., 2003, Dark Matter within High Surface Brightness Spiral Galaxies, ApJ 586, 143

  333. Kravtsov, A.V., Klypin, A.A., Bullock, J.S., Primack, J.R., 1998, The Cores of Dark Matter-dominated Galaxies: Theory versus Observations, ApJ 502, 48

  334. Kregel, M., van der Kruit, P.C., Freeman, K.C., 2005, Structure and kinematics of edge-on galaxy discs - V. The dynamics of stellar discs, MNRAS 358, 503

  335. Kronawitter, A., Saglia, R.P., Gerhard, O., Bender, R., 2000, Orbital structure and mass distribution in elliptical galaxies, A&As 144, 53

  336. Kroupa, P., 2001, On the variation of the initial mass function, MNRAS 322, 231

  337. Kuijken, K., 1995, An Axisymmetric Distribution Function for the Galactic Bulge, ApJ 446, 194

  338. Kuijken, K., Gilmore, G., 1989, The Mass Distribution in the Galactic Disc - II - Determination of the Surface Mass Density of the Galactic Disc Near the Sun, MNRAS 239, 605

  339. Kuzio de Naray, R., Arsenault, C.A., Spekkens, K., Sellwood, J.A., McDonald, M., Simon, J.D., Teuben, P., 2012, Searching for non-axisymmetries in NGC 6503: a weak end-on bar, MNRAS 427, 2523

  340. Lablanche, P.Y., Cappellari, M., Emsellem, E., Bournaud, F., Michel-Dansac, L., Alatalo, K., Blitz, L., Bois, M., Bureau, M., Davies, R.L., Davis, T.A., de Zeeuw, P.T., Duc, P.A., Khochfar, S., Krajnović, D., Kuntschner, H., Morganti, R., McDermid, R.M., Naab, T., Oosterloo, T., Sarzi, M., Scott, N., Serra, P., Weijmans, A.M., Young, L.M., 2012, The ATLAS 3D project - XII. Recovery of the mass-to-light ratio of simulated early-type barred galaxies with axisymmetric dynamical models, MNRAS 424, 1495

  341. Lacy, J.H., Townes, C.H., Hollenbach, D.J., 1982, The nature of the central parsec of the Galaxy, ApJ 262, 120

  342. Lagattuta, D.J., Fassnacht, C.D., Auger, M.W., Marshall, P.J., Bradač, M., Treu, T., Gavazzi, R., Schrabback, T., Faure, C., Anguita, T., 2010, Cosmic Evolution of Virial and Stellar Mass in Massive Early-type Galaxies, ApJ 716, 1579

  343. Laureijs, R., Amiaux, J., Arduini, S., Auguères, J.., Brinchmann, J., Cole, R., Cropper, M., Dabin, C., Duvet, L., Ealet, A., et al., 2011, Euclid Definition Study Report, arXiv:1110.3193

  344. Leauthaud, A., Tinker, J., Behroozi, P.S., Busha, M.T., Wechsler, R.H., 2011, A Theoretical Framework for Combining Techniques that Probe the Link Between Galaxies and Dark Matter, ApJ 738, 45

  345. Leauthaud, A., Tinker, J., Bundy, K., Behroozi, P.S., Massey, R., Rhodes, J., George, M.R., Kneib, J.P., Benson, A., Wechsler, R.H., Busha, M.T., Capak, P., Cortês, M., Ilbert, O., Koekemoer, A.M., Le Fèvre, O., Lilly, S., McCracken, H.J., Salvato, M., Schrabback, T., Scoville, N., Smith, T., Taylor, J.E., 2012, New Constraints on the Evolution of the Stellar-to-dark Matter Connection: A Combined Analysis of Galaxy-Galaxy Lensing, Clustering, and Stellar Mass Functions from z = 0.2 to z = 1, ApJ 744, 159

  346. Lee, M.G., Park, H.S., Hwang, H.S., Arimoto, N., Tamura, N., Onodera, M., 2010, The Globular Cluster System of the Virgo Giant Elliptical Galaxy NGC 4636. II. Kinematics of the Globular Cluster System, ApJ 709, 1083

  347. Leitherer, C., Ekström, S., 2012, Population synthesis at the crossroads, in: Tuffs, R.J., Popescu, C.C. (eds.), IAU Symposium, vol. 284 of IAU Symposium, p. 2

  348. Leonard, P.J.T., Merritt, D., 1989, The mass of the open star cluster M35 as derived from proper motions, ApJ 339, 195

  349. Lewin, J.D., Smith, P.F., 1996, Review of mathematics, numerical factors, and corrections for dark matter experiments based on elastic nuclear recoil, Astroparticle Physics 6, 87

  350. Limousin, M., Kneib, J.P., Bardeau, S., Natarajan, P., Czoske, O., Smail, I., Ebeling, H., Smith, G.P., 2007, Truncation of galaxy dark matter halos in high density environments, Astron. Astrophys. 461, 881

  351. Lin, H., Buckley-Geer, E., Allam, S.S., Tucker, D.L., Diehl, H.T., Kubik, D., Kubo, J.M., Annis, J., Frieman, J.A., Oguri, M., Inada, N., 2009, Discovery of a Very Bright, Strongly Lensed z = 2 Galaxy in the SDSS DR5, ApJ 699, 1242

  352. Lindblad, P.A.B., Lindblad, P.O., Athanassoula, E., 1996, Hydrodynamical simulations of the barred spiral galaxy NGC 1365. Dynamical interpretation of observations., A&A 313, 65

  353. Little, B., Tremaine, S., 1987, Distant satellites as probes of our Galaxy's mass distribution, ApJ 320, 493

  354. Loewenstein, M., White, III, R.E., 1999, Prevalence and Properties of Dark Matter in Elliptical Galaxies, ApJ 518, 50

  355. Łokas, E.L., 2002, Dark matter distribution in dwarf spheroidal galaxies, MNRAS 333, 697

  356. Łokas, E.L., Mamon, G.A., 2003, Dark matter distribution in the Coma cluster from galaxy kinematics: breaking the mass-anisotropy degeneracy, MNRAS 343, 401

  357. Łokas, E.L., Mamon, G.A., Prada, F., 2005, Dark matter distribution in the Draco dwarf from velocity moments, MNRAS 363, 918

  358. Long, R.J., Mao, S., 2010, Made-to-measure galaxy models - I. Methodology, MNRAS 405, 301

  359. Lynden-Bell, D., Cannon, R.D., Godwin, P.J., 1983, Slippery evidence on the Galaxy's invisible heavy halo, MNRAS 204, 87P

  360. Lyubenova, M., Kuntschner, H., Rejkuba, M., Silva, D.R., Kissler-Patig, M., Tacconi-Garman, L.E., 2012, Integrated J- and H-band spectra of globular clusters in the LMC: implications for stellar population models and galaxy age dating, A&A 543, A75

  361. MacArthur, L.A., 2005, Dust Sensitivity of Absorption-Line Indices, ApJ 623, 795

  362. MacArthur, L.A., Courteau, S., Bell, E., Holtzman, J.A., 2004, Structure of Disk-dominated Galaxies. II. Color Gradients and Stellar Population Models, ApJS 152, 175

  363. MacArthur, L.A., González, J.J., Courteau, S., 2009, Stellar population and kinematic profiles in spiral bulges and discs: population synthesis of integrated spectra, MNRAS 395, 28

  364. MacArthur, L.A., McDonald, M., Courteau, S., Jesús González, J., 2010, Integrated Stellar Populations: Confronting Photometry with Spectroscopy, ApJ 718, 768

  365. Macciò, A.V., Dutton, A.A., van den Bosch, F.C., 2008, Concentration, spin and shape of dark matter haloes as a function of the cosmological model: WMAP1, WMAP3 and WMAP5 results, MNRAS 391, 1940

  366. Macciò, A.V., Moore, B., Stadel, J., Diemand, J., 2006, Radial distribution and strong lensing statistics of satellite galaxies and substructure using high-resolution ΛCDM hydrodynamical simulations, MNRAS 366, 1529

  367. Macciò, A.V., Stinson, G., Brook, C.B., Wadsley, J., Couchman, H.M.P., Shen, S., Gibson, B.K., Quinn, T., 2012, Halo Expansion in Cosmological Hydro Simulations: Toward a Baryonic Solution of the Cusp/Core Problem in Massive Spirals, ApJ 744, L9

  368. Magorrian, J., 1995, Reconstructing Two-Integral Distribution Functions from Moments, MNRAS 277, 1185

  369. Magorrian, J., 2013, Bayes versus the virial theorem: inferring the potential of a galaxy from a kinematical snapshot, arXiv:1303.6099

  370. Magorrian, J., Ballantyne, D., 2001, Mass profiles and anisotropies of early-type galaxies, MNRAS 322, 702

  371. Magorrian, J., Binney, J., 1994, Predicting line-of-sight velocity distributions of elliptical galaxies, MNRAS 271, 949

  372. Malhotra, S., 1995, The Vertical Distribution and Kinematics of H i and Mass Models of the Galactic Disk, ApJ 448, 138

  373. Maller, A.H., Simard, L., Guhathakurta, P., Hjorth, J., Jaunsen, A.O., Flores, R.A., Primack, J.R., 2000, Breaking the Disk/Halo Degeneracy with Gravitational Lensing, ApJ 533, 194

  374. Mamon, G.A., Biviano, A., Boué, G., 2013, MAMPOSSt: Modelling Anisotropy and Mass Profiles of Observed Spherical Systems - I. Gaussian 3D velocities, MNRAS 429, 3079

  375. Mamon, G.A., Boué, G., 2010, Kinematic deprojection and mass inversion of spherical systems of known velocity anisotropy, MNRAS 401, 2433

  376. Mamon, G.A., Łokas, E., Dekel, A., Stoehr, F., Cox, T.J., 2006, Kinematical and Dynamical Modeling of Elliptical Galaxies, in: Mamon, G.A., Combes, F., Deffayet, C., Fort, B. (eds.), EAS Publications Series, vol. 20 of EAS Publications Series, p. 139

  377. Mamon, G.A., Łokas, E.L., 2005a, Dark matter in elliptical galaxies - I. Is the total mass density profile of the NFW form or even steeper?, MNRAS 362, 95

  378. Mamon, G.A., Łokas, E.L., 2005b, Dark matter in elliptical glaxies: II. Estimating the mass within the virial radius, MNRAS 363, 705

  379. Mamon, G.A., Łokas, E.L., 2006, Erratum: Dark matter in elliptical galaxies - I. Is the total mass density profile of the NFW form or even steeper?, MNRAS 370, 1581

  380. Mandelbaum, R., Hirata, C.M., Broderick, T., Seljak, U., Brinkmann, J., 2006a, Ellipticity of dark matter haloes with galaxy-galaxy weak lensing, MNRAS 370, 1008

  381. Mandelbaum, R., Seljak, U., Kauffmann, G., Hirata, C.M., Brinkmann, J., 2006b, Galaxy halo masses and satellite fractions from galaxy-galaxy lensing in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey: stellar mass, luminosity, morphology and environment dependencies, MNRAS 368, 715

  382. Mao, S., Jing, Y., Ostriker, J.P., Weller, J., 2004, Anomalous Flux Ratios in Gravitational Lenses: For or against Cold Dark Matter?, ApJ 604, L5

  383. Mao, S., Schneider, P., 1998, Evidence for substructure in lens galaxies?, MNRAS 295, 587

  384. Maraston, C., 1998, Evolutionary synthesis of stellar populations: a modular tool, MNRAS 300, 872

  385. Maraston, C., 2005, Evolutionary population synthesis: models, analysis of the ingredients and application to high-z galaxies, MNRAS 362, 799

  386. Maraston, C., Daddi, E., Renzini, A., et al., 2006, Evidence for TP-AGB Stars in High-Redshift Galaxies, and Their Effect on Deriving Stellar Population Parameters, ApJ 652, 85

  387. Maraston, C., Greggio, L., Renzini, A., Ortolani, S., Saglia, R.P., Puzia, T.H., Kissler-Patig, M., 2003, Integrated spectroscopy of bulge globular clusters and fields. II. Implications for population synthesis models and elliptical galaxies, A&A 400, 823

  388. Maraston, C., Kissler-Patig, M., Brodie, J.P., Barmby, P., Huchra, J.P., 2001, The AGB phase-transition outside the local group: K-band observations of young star clusters in NGC 7252, A&A 370, 176

  389. Maraston, C., Pforr, J., Henriques, B.M., Thomas, D., Wake, D., Brownstein, J.R., Capozzi, D., Bundy, K., Skibba, R.A., Beifiori, A., Nichol, R.C., Edmondson, E., Schneider, D.P., Chen, Y., Masters, K.L., Steele, O., Bolton, A.S., York, D.G., Bizyaev, D., Brewington, H., Malanushenko, E., Malanushenko, V., Snedden, S., Oravetz, D., Pan, K., Shelden, A., Simmons, A., 2012, Stellar masses of SDSS-III BOSS galaxies at z ~ 0.5 and constraints to galaxy formation models, MNRAS, in press (arXiv:1207.6114)

  390. Maraston, C., Pforr, J., Renzini, A., Daddi, E., Dickinson, M., Cimatti, A., Tonini, C., 2010, Star formation rates and masses of z ~ 2 galaxies from multicolour photometry, MNRAS 407, 830

  391. Maraston, C., Thomas, D., 2000, Strong Balmer Lines in Old Stellar Populations: No Need for Young Ages in Ellipticals?, ApJ 541, 126

  392. Marigo, P., Girardi, L., Bressan, A., Groenewegen, M.A.T., Silva, L., Granato, G.L., 2008, Evolution of asymptotic giant branch stars. II. Optical to far-infrared isochrones with improved TP-AGB models, A&A 482, 883

  393. Martinez, G.D., Minor, Q.E., Bullock, J., Kaplinghat, M., Simon, J.D., Geha, M., 2011, A Complete Spectroscopic Survey of the Milky Way Satellite Segue 1: Dark Matter Content, Stellar Membership, and Binary Properties from a Bayesian Analysis, ApJ 738, 55

  394. Martizzi, D., Teyssier, R., Moore, B., Wentz, T., 2012, The effects of baryon physics, black holes and active galactic nucleus feedback on the mass distribution in clusters of galaxies, MNRAS 422, 3081

  395. Mateo, M.L., 1998, Dwarf Galaxies of the Local Group, ARA&A 36, 435

  396. Mathewson, D.S., Ford, V.L., Buchhorn, M., 1992, A southern sky survey of the peculiar velocities of 1355 spiral galaxies, ApJS 81, 413

  397. McDonald, M., Courteau, S., Tully, R.B., Roediger, J., 2011, A survey of 286 Virgo cluster galaxies at optical griz and near-IR H band: surface brightness profiles and bulge-disc decompositions, MNRAS 414, 2055

  398. McKay, T.A., Sheldon, E.S., Johnston, D., Grebel, E.K., Prada, F., Rix, H., Bahcall, N.A., Brinkmann, J., Csabai, I., Fukugita, M., Lamb, D.Q., York, D.G., 2002, Dynamical Confirmation of Sloan Digital Sky Survey Weak-lensing Scaling Laws, ApJ 571, L85

  399. McKay, T.A., Sheldon, E.S., Racusin, J., Fischer, P., Seljak, U., Stebbins, A., Johnston, D., Frieman, J.A., Bahcall, N., Brinkmann, J., Csabai, I., Fukugita, M., Hennessy, G.S., Ivezic, Z., Lamb, D.Q., Loveday, J., Lupton, R.H., Munn, J.A., Nichol, R.C., Pier, J.R., York, D.G., 2001, Galaxy Mass and Luminosity Scaling Laws Determined by Weak Gravitational Lensing, arXiv:astro-ph/0108013

  400. McMillan, P.J., Binney, J., 2012, Analysing surveys of our Galaxy - I. Basic astrometric data, MNRAS 419, 2251

  401. McMillan, P.J., Binney, J.J., 2013, Analysing surveys of our Galaxy - II. Determining the potential, MNRAS 433, 1411

  402. McNeil, E.K., Arnaboldi, M., Freeman, K.C., Gerhard, O.E., Coccato, L., Das, P., 2010, Counter-dispersed slitless-spectroscopy technique: planetary nebula velocities in the halo of NGC 1399, A&A 518, A44

  403. Ménard, B., Nestor, D., Turnshek, D., Quider, A., Richards, G., Chelouche, D., Rao, S., 2008, Lensing, reddening and extinction effects of MgII absorbers from z = 0.4 to 2, MNRAS 385, 1053

  404. Méndez, R.H., Riffeser, A., Kudritzki, R.P., Matthias, M., Freeman, K.C., Arnaboldi, M., Capaccioli, M., Gerhard, O.E., 2001, Detection, Photometry, and Slitless Radial Velocities of 535 Planetary Nebulae in the Flattened Elliptical Galaxy NGC 4697, ApJ 563, 135

  405. Metcalf, R.B., Amara, A., 2012, Small-scale structures of dark matter and flux anomalies in quasar gravitational lenses, MNRAS 419, 3414

  406. Metcalf, R.B., Madau, P., 2001, Compound Gravitational Lensing as a Probe of Dark Matter Substructure within Galaxy Halos, ApJ 563, 9

  407. Michard, R., 1980, On the M/L ratios in elliptical galaxies, A&A 91, 122

  408. Milgrom, M., 1983, A modification of the Newtonian dynamics as a possible alternative to the hidden mass hypothesis, ApJ 270, 365

  409. Miyamoto, M., Nagai, R., 1975, Three-dimensional models for the distribution of mass in galaxies, PASJ 27, 533

  410. Mo, H., van den Bosch, F.C., White, S., 2010, Galaxy Formation and Evolution

  411. Moni Bidin, C., Carraro, G., Méndez, R.A., Smith, R., 2012, Kinematical and Chemical Vertical Structure of the Galactic Thick Disk. II. A Lack of Dark Matter in the Solar Neighborhood, ApJ 751, 30

  412. More, A., McKean, J.P., More, S., Porcas, R.W., Koopmans, L.V.E., Garrett, M.A., 2009, The role of luminous substructure in the gravitational lens system MG 2016+112, MNRAS 394, 174

  413. More, A., McKean, J.P., Muxlow, T.W.B., Porcas, R.W., Fassnacht, C.D., Koopmans, L.V.E., 2008, Probing a massive radio galaxy with gravitational lensing, MNRAS 384, 1701

  414. More, S., van den Bosch, F.C., Cacciato, M., Skibba, R., Mo, H.J., Yang, X., 2011a, Satellite kinematics - III. Halo masses of central galaxies in SDSS, MNRAS 410, 210

  415. More, S., van den Bosch, F.C., Cacciato, M., Skibba, R., Mo, H.J., Yang, X., 2011b, Satellite kinematics - III. Halo masses of central galaxies in SDSS, MNRAS 410, 210

  416. Morganti, L., Gerhard, O., 2012, Regularizing made-to-measure particle models of galaxies, MNRAS 422, 1571

  417. Morganti, R., de Zeeuw, P.T., Oosterloo, T.A., McDermid, R.M., Krajnović, D., Cappellari, M., Kenn, F., Weijmans, A., Sarzi, M., 2006, Neutral hydrogen in nearby elliptical and lenticular galaxies: the continuing formation of early-type galaxies, MNRAS 371, 157

  418. Murphy, J.D., Gebhardt, K., Adams, J.J., 2011, Galaxy Kinematics with VIRUS-P: The Dark Matter Halo of M87, ApJ 729, 129

  419. Nagai, R., Miyamoto, M., 1976, A family of self-gravitating stellar systems with axial symmetry, PASJ 28, 1

  420. Nagino, R., Matsushita, K., 2009, Gravitational potential and X-ray luminosities of early-type galaxies observed with XMM-Newton and Chandra, A&A 501, 157

  421. Napolitano, N.R., Romanowsky, A.J., Capaccioli, M., Douglas, N.G., Arnaboldi, M., Coccato, L., Gerhard, O., Kuijken, K., Merrifield, M.R., Bamford, S.P., Cortesi, A., Das, P., Freeman, K.C., 2011, The PN.S Elliptical Galaxy Survey: a standard ΛCDM halo around NGC 4374?, MNRAS 411, 2035

  422. Napolitano, N.R., Romanowsky, A.J., Coccato, L., Capaccioli, M., Douglas, N.G., Noordermeer, E., Gerhard, O., Arnaboldi, M., de Lorenzi, F., Kuijken, K., Merrifield, M.R., O'Sullivan, E., Cortesi, A., Das, P., Freeman, K.C., 2009, The Planetary Nebula Spectrograph elliptical galaxy survey: the dark matter in NGC 4494, MNRAS 393, 329

  423. Napolitano, N.R., Romanowsky, A.J., Tortora, C., 2010, The central dark matter content of early-type galaxies: scaling relations and connections with star formation histories, MNRAS 405, 2351

  424. Natarajan, P., Kneib, J., 1997, Lensing by galaxy haloes in clusters of galaxies, MNRAS 287, 833

  425. Natarajan, P., Kneib, J., Smail, I., Ellis, R.S., 1998, The Mass-to-Light Ratio of Early-Type Galaxies: Constraints from Gravitational Lensing in the Rich Cluster AC 114, ApJ 499, 600

  426. Natarajan, P., Kneib, J., Smail, I., Treu, T., Ellis, R., Moran, S., Limousin, M., Czoske, O., 2009, The Survival of Dark Matter Halos in the Cluster Cl 0024+16, ApJ 693, 970

  427. Navarro, J.F., Eke, V.R., Frenk, C.S., 1996a, The cores of dwarf galaxy haloes, MNRAS 283, L72

  428. Navarro, J.F., Frenk, C.S., White, S.D.M., 1996b, The Structure of Cold Dark Matter Halos, ApJ 462, 563

  429. Navarro, J.F., Frenk, C.S., White, S.D.M., 1997, A Universal Density Profile from Hierarchical Clustering, ApJ 490, 493

  430. Navarro, J.F., Hayashi, E., Power, C., Jenkins, A.R., Frenk, C.S., White, S.D.M., Springel, V., Stadel, J., Quinn, T.R., 2004, The inner structure of ΛCDM haloes - III. Universality and asymptotic slopes, MNRAS 349, 1039

  431. Navarro, J.F., Ludlow, A., Springel, V., Wang, J., Vogelsberger, M., White, S.D.M., Jenkins, A., Frenk, C.S., Helmi, A., 2010, The diversity and similarity of simulated cold dark matter haloes, MNRAS 402, 21

  432. Neto, A.F., Gao, L., Bett, P., Cole, S., Navarro, J.F., Frenk, C.S., White, S.D.M., Springel, V., Jenkins, A., 2007, The statistics of Λ CDM halo concentrations, MNRAS 381, 1450

  433. Neumayer, N., 2010, The Supermassive Black Hole at the Heart of Centaurus A: Revealed by the Kinematics of Gas and Stars, PASA 27, 449

  434. Newton, A.J., Binney, J., 1984, Constructing distribution functions for spherical galaxies, MNRAS 210, 711

  435. Newton, E.R., Marshall, P.J., Treu, T., Auger, M.W., Gavazzi, R., Bolton, A.S., Koopmans, L.V.E., Moustakas, L.A., 2011, The Sloan Lens ACS Survey. XI. Beyond Hubble Resolution: Size, Luminosity, and Stellar Mass of Compact Lensed Galaxies at Intermediate Redshift, ApJ 734, 104

  436. Nierenberg, A.M., Auger, M.W., Treu, T., Marshall, P.J., Fassnacht, C.D., Busha, M.T., 2012, Luminous Satellites. II. Spatial Distribution, Luminosity Function, and Cosmic Evolution, ApJ 752, 99

  437. Noordermeer, E., Merrifield, M.R., Aragón-Salamanca, A., 2008, Exploring disc galaxy dynamics using integral field unit data, MNRAS 388, 1381

  438. Noordermeer, E., van der Hulst, J.M., Sancisi, R., Swaters, R.S., van Albada, T.S., 2007, The mass distribution in early-type disc galaxies: declining rotation curves and correlations with optical properties, MNRAS 376, 1513

  439. Nordsieck, K.H., 1973, The Angular Momentum of Spiral Galaxies. Methods of Rotation-Curve Analysis, ApJ 184, 719

  440. O'Connell, R.W., 1976, Galaxy spectral synthesis. I - Stellar populations in the nuclei of giant ellipticals, ApJ 206, 370

  441. Oort, J.H., 1926, Asymmetry in the distribution of stellar velocities, The Observatory, Vol. 49, p. 302-304

  442. Oort, J.H., 1932, The force exerted by the stellar system in the direction perpendicular to the galactic plane and some related problems, 6, 249

  443. Oort, J.H., 1940, Some Problems Concerning the Structure and Dynamics of the Galactic System and the Elliptical Nebulae NGC 3115 and 4494, ApJ 91, 273

  444. Oort, J.H., 1965, Stellar Dynamics, in: Blaauw, A., Schmidt, M. (eds.), Galactic Structure, p. 455

  445. Opik, E., 1922, An estimate of the distance of the Andromeda Nebula, ApJ 55, 406

  446. Ostriker, J.P., Peebles, P.J.E., 1973, A Numerical Study of the Stability of Flattened Galaxies: or, can Cold Galaxies Survive?, ApJ 186, 467

  447. Padmanabhan, N., Seljak, U., Strauss, M.A., Blanton, M.R., Kauffmann, G., Schlegel, D.J., Tremonti, C., Bahcall, N.A., Bernardi, M., Brinkmann, J., Fukugita, M., Ivezić, Ž., 2004, Stellar and dynamical masses of ellipticals in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, New Astronomy 9, 329

  448. Panter, B., Jimenez, R., Heavens, A.F., Charlot, S., 2007, The star formation histories of galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, MNRAS 378, 1550

  449. Papastergis, E., Cattaneo, A., Huang, S., Giovanelli, R., Haynes, M.P., 2012, A Direct Measurement of the Baryonic Mass Function of Galaxies and Implications for the Galactic Baryon Fraction, ApJ 759, 138

  450. Papastergis, E., Martin, A.M., Giovanelli, R., Haynes, M.P., 2011, The Velocity Width Function of Galaxies from the 40% ALFALFA Survey: Shedding Light on the Cold Dark Matter Overabundance Problem, ApJ 739, 38

  451. Parker, L.C., Hoekstra, H., Hudson, M.J., van Waerbeke, L., Mellier, Y., 2007, The Masses and Shapes of Dark Matter Halos from Galaxy-Galaxy Lensing in the CFHT Legacy Survey, ApJ 669, 21

  452. Pease, F.G., 1918, The Rotation and Radial Velocity of the Central Part of the Andromeda nebula, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 4, 21

  453. Peebles, P.J.E., 1989, Tracing galaxy orbits back in time, ApJ 344, L53

  454. Pen, U., 1998, Reconstructing Nonlinear Stochastic Bias from Velocity Space Distortions, ApJ 504, 601

  455. Perryman, M.A.C., de Boer, K.S., Gilmore, G., et al., 2001, GAIA: Composition, formation and evolution of the Galaxy, A&A 369, 339

  456. Pforr, J., Maraston, C., Tonini, C., 2012, Recovering galaxy stellar population properties from broad-band spectral energy distribution fitting, MNRAS 422, 3285

  457. Phelps, S., Nusser, A., Desjacques, V., 2013, The mass of the Milky Way and M31 using the method of least action, arXiv:1306.4013

  458. Pickles, A.J., 1985, Differential population synthesis of early-type galaxies. III - Synthesis results, ApJ 296, 340

  459. Pierce, M., Beasley, M.A., Forbes, D.A., et al., 2006, Gemini/GMOS spectra of globular clusters in the Leo group elliptical NGC 3379, MNRAS 366, 1253

  460. Pizzella, A., Corsini, E.M., Vega Beltrán, J.C., Bertola, F., 2004, Ionized gas and stellar kinematics of seventeen nearby spiral galaxies, A&A 424, 447

  461. Pontzen, A., Governato, F., 2012, How supernova feedback turns dark matter cusps into cores, MNRAS 421, 3464

  462. Poveda, A., 1958, The Masses of Spherical Galaxies M32. A likely application, Boletin de los Observatorios Tonantzintla y Tacubaya 2, 3

  463. Pozzetti, L., Bolzonella, M., Zucca, E., Zamorani, G., Lilly, S., Renzini, A., Moresco, M., Mignoli, M., Cassata, P., Tasca, L., Lamareille, F., Maier, C., Meneux, B., Halliday, C., Oesch, P., Vergani, D., Caputi, K., Kovač, K., Cimatti, A., Cucciati, O., Iovino, A., Peng, Y., Carollo, M., Contini, T., Kneib, J.P., Le Févre, O., Mainieri, V., Scodeggio, M., Bardelli, S., Bongiorno, A., Coppa, G., de la Torre, S., de Ravel, L., Franzetti, P., Garilli, B., Kampczyk, P., Knobel, C., Le Borgne, J.F., Le Brun, V., Pellò, R., Perez Montero, E., Ricciardelli, E., Silverman, J.D., Tanaka, M., Tresse, L., Abbas, U., Bottini, D., Cappi, A., Guzzo, L., Koekemoer, A.M., Leauthaud, A., Maccagni, D., Marinoni, C., McCracken, H.J., Memeo, P., Porciani, C., Scaramella, R., Scarlata, C., Scoville, N., 2010, zCOSMOS - 10k-bright spectroscopic sample. The bimodality in the galaxy stellar mass function: exploring its evolution with redshift, A&A 523, A13

  464. Prada, F., Klypin, A.A., Simonneau, E., Betancort-Rijo, J., Patiri, S., Gottlöber, S., Sanchez-Conde, M.A., 2006, How Far Do They Go? The Outer Structure of Galactic Dark Matter Halos, ApJ 645, 1001

  465. Prada, F., Vitvitska, M., Klypin, A., Holtzman, J.A., Schlegel, D.J., Grebel, E.K., Rix, H.W., Brinkmann, J., McKay, T.A., Csabai, I., 2003, Observing the Dark Matter Density Profile of Isolated Galaxies, ApJ 598, 260

  466. Press, W.H., Schechter, P., 1974, Formation of Galaxies and Clusters of Galaxies by Self-Similar Gravitational Condensation, ApJ 187, 425

  467. Proctor, R.N., Forbes, D.A., Romanowsky, A.J., Brodie, J.P., Strader, J., Spolaor, M., Mendel, J.T., Spitler, L., 2009, Probing the 2D kinematic structure of early-type galaxies out to three effective radii, MNRAS 398, 91

  468. Prugniel, P., Simien, F., 1997, The fundamental plane of early-type galaxies: non-homology of the spatial structure., A&A 321, 111

  469. Read, J.I., Lake, G., Agertz, O., Debattista, V.P., 2008, Thin, thick and dark discs in ΛCDM, MNRAS 389, 1041

  470. Reid, M.J., Menten, K.M., Zheng, X.W., et al., 2009, Trigonometric Parallaxes of Massive Star-Forming Regions. VI. Galactic Structure, Fundamental Parameters, and Noncircular Motions, ApJ 700, 137

  471. Remus, R.S., Burkert, A., Dolag, K., Johansson, P.H., Naab, T., Oser, L., Thomas, J., 2013, The Dark Halo-Spheroid Conspiracy and the Origin of Elliptical Galaxies, ApJ 766, 71

  472. Renzini, A., 1981, Energetics of stellar populations, Annales de Physique 6, 87

  473. Renzini, A., Buzzoni, A., 1986, Global properties of stellar populations and the spectral evolution of galaxies, Spectral evolution of galaxies; Proceedings of the Fourth Workshop, Erice, Italy, March 12-22, 1985 (A87-20001 07-90). Dordrecht, D. Reidel Publishing Co., 1986, p. 195-231; Discussion, p. 232-235. 122, 195

  474. Renzini, A., Ciotti, L., 1993, Transverse Dissections of the Fundamental Planes of Elliptical Galaxies and Clusters of Galaxies, ApJ 416, L49

  475. Renzini, A., Voli, M., 1981, Advanced evolutionary stages of intermediate-mass stars. I - Evolution of surface compositions, A&A 94, 175

  476. Reyes, R., Mandelbaum, R., Gunn, J.E., Pizagno, J., Lackner, C.N., 2011, Calibrated Tully-Fisher relations for improved estimates of disc rotation velocities, MNRAS 417, 2347

  477. Reyes, R., Mandelbaum, R., Seljak, U., Baldauf, T., Gunn, J.E., Lombriser, L., Smith, R.E., 2010, Confirmation of general relativity on large scales from weak lensing and galaxy velocities, Nature 464, 256

  478. Rhee, G., Valenzuela, O., Klypin, A., Holtzman, J., Moorthy, B., 2004, The Rotation Curves of Dwarf Galaxies: A Problem for Cold Dark Matter?, ApJ 617, 1059

  479. Richardson, T., Fairbairn, M., 2013a, Analytical solutions to the mass-anisotropy degeneracy with higher order Jeans analysis: a general method, MNRAS 432, 3361

  480. Richardson, T., Fairbairn, M., 2013b, Cores in Classical Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxies? A Dispersion-Kurtosis Jeans Analysis Without Restricted Anisotropy, MNRAS, submitted (arXiv:1305.0670)

  481. Richstone, D.O., 1984, Scale-free models of galaxies. III - A survey of the oblate E6 solution set, ApJ 281, 100

  482. Richstone, D.O., Tremaine, S., 1984, A general method for constructing spherical galaxy models, ApJ 286, 27

  483. Roberts, M.S., Whitehurst, R.N., 1975, The rotation curve and geometry of M31 at large galactocentric distances, ApJ 201, 327

  484. Roediger, J.C., Courteau, S., MacArthur, L.A., McDonald, M., 2011, The formation and evolution of Virgo cluster galaxies - II. Stellar populations, MNRAS 416, 1996

  485. Rogstad, D.H., Shostak, G.S., 1972, Gross Properties of Five Scd Galaxies as Determined from 21-CENTIMETER Observations, ApJ 176, 315

  486. Romanowsky, A.J., Douglas, N.G., Arnaboldi, M., Kuijken, K., Merrifield, M.R., Napolitano, N.R., Capaccioli, M., Freeman, K.C., 2003, A Dearth of Dark Matter in Ordinary Elliptical Galaxies, Science 301, 1696

  487. Romanowsky, A.J., Strader, J., Spitler, L.R., Johnson, R., Brodie, J.P., Forbes, D.A., Ponman, T., 2009, Mapping The Dark Side with DEIMOS: Globular Clusters, X-Ray Gas, and Dark Matter in the NGC 1407 Group, AJ 137, 4956

  488. Rubin, V.C., Burley, J., Kiasatpoor, A., Klock, B., Pease, G., Rutscheidt, E., Smith, C., 1962, Kinematic studies of early-type stars. I. Photometric survey, space motions, and comparison with radio observations, AJ 67, 491

  489. Rubin, V.C., Burstein, D., Ford, Jr., W.K., Thonnard, N., 1985, Rotation velocities of 16 SA galaxies and a comparison of Sa, Sb, and SC rotation properties, ApJ 289, 81

  490. Rubin, V.C., Ford, Jr., W.K., 1970, Rotation of the Andromeda Nebula from a Spectroscopic Survey of Emission Regions, ApJ 159, 379

  491. Ruff, A.J., Gavazzi, R., Marshall, P.J., Treu, T., Auger, M.W., Brault, F., 2011, The SL2S Galaxy-scale Lens Sample. II. Cosmic Evolution of Dark and Luminous Mass in Early-type Galaxies, ApJ 727, 96

  492. Rupen, M.P., 1991, Neutral hydrogen observations of NGC 4565 and NGC 891, AJ 102, 48

  493. Sackett, P.D., 1997, Does the Milky Way Have a Maximal Disk?, ApJ 483, 103

  494. Sage, L.J., Welch, G.A., Young, L.M., 2007, The Cool ISM in Elliptical Galaxies. I. A Survey of Molecular Gas, ApJ 657, 232

  495. Saglia, R.P., Bertin, G., Stiavelli, M., 1992, Elliptical Galaxies with Dark Matter. II. Optimal Luminous–Dark Matter Decomposition for a Sample of Bright Objects, ApJ 384, 433

  496. Saha, P., Coles, J., Macciò, A.V., Williams, L.L.R., 2006, The Hubble Time Inferred from 10 Time Delay Lenses, ApJ 650, L17

  497. Salpeter, E.E., 1955, The Luminosity Function and Stellar Evolution, ApJ 121, 161

  498. Sambhus, N., Gerhard, O., Méndez, R.H., 2006, Kinematic Evidence for Different Planetary Nebula Populations in the Elliptical Galaxy NGC 4697, AJ 131, 837

  499. Sánchez, S.F., Kennicutt, R.C., Gil de Paz, A., van de Ven, G., Vílchez, J.M., Wisotzki, L., Walcher, C.J., Mast, D., Aguerri, J.A.L., Albiol-Pérez, S., Alonso-Herrero, A., Alves, J., Bakos, J., Bartáková, T., Bland-Hawthorn, J., Boselli, A., Bomans, D.J., Castillo-Morales, A., Cortijo-Ferrero, C., de Lorenzo-Cáceres, A., Del Olmo, A., Dettmar, R.J., Díaz, A., Ellis, S., Falcón-Barroso, J., Flores, H., Gallazzi, A., García-Lorenzo, B., González Delgado, R., Gruel, N., Haines, T., Hao, C., Husemann, B., Iglésias-Páramo, J., Jahnke, K., Johnson, B., Jungwiert, B., Kalinova, V., Kehrig, C., Kupko, D., López-Sánchez, Á.R., Lyubenova, M., Marino, R.A., Mármol-Queraltó, E., Márquez, I., Masegosa, J., Meidt, S., Mendez-Abreu, J., Monreal-Ibero, A., Montijo, C., Mourão, A.M., Palacios-Navarro, G., Papaderos, P., Pasquali, A., Peletier, R., Pérez, E., Pérez, I., Quirrenbach, A., Relaño, M., Rosales-Ortega, F.F., Roth, M.M., Ruiz-Lara, T., Sánchez-Blázquez, P., Sengupta, C., Singh, R., Stanishev, V., Trager, S.C., Vazdekis, A., Viironen, K., Wild, V., Zibetti, S., Ziegler, B., 2012, CALIFA, the Calar Alto Legacy Integral Field Area survey. I. Survey presentation, A&A 538, A8

  500. Sanchis, T., Łokas, E.L., Mamon, G.A., 2004, The reliability of the kinematical evidence for dark matter: the effects of non-sphericity, substructure and streaming motions, MNRAS 347, 1198

  501. Sandage, A., 1986a, Star formation rates, galaxy morphology, and the Hubble sequence, A&A 161, 89

  502. Sandage, A., 1986b, The redshift-distance relation. IX - Perturbation of the very nearby velocity field by the mass of the Local Group, ApJ 307, 1

  503. Sarzi, M., Falcón-Barroso, J., Davies, R.L., Bacon, R., Bureau, M., Cappellari, M., de Zeeuw, P.T., Emsellem, E., Fathi, K., Krajnović, D., Kuntschner, H., McDermid, R.M., Peletier, R.F., 2006, The SAURON project - V. Integral-field emission-line kinematics of 48 elliptical and lenticular galaxies, MNRAS 366, 1151

  504. Satoh, C., 1980, Dynamical Models of Axisymmetric Galaxies and Their Applications to the Elliptical Galaxy NGC4697, PASJ 32, 41

  505. Scalo, J.M., 1986, The stellar initial mass function, Fund. Cosmic Phys. 11, 1

  506. Scheiner, J., 1899, On the spectrum of the great nebula in Andromeda, ApJ 9, 149

  507. Schneider, P., 1985, A new formulation of gravitational lens theory, time-delay, and Fermat's principle, A&A 143, 413

  508. Schneider, P., 2006a, Part 1: Introduction to gravitational lensing and cosmology, in: Meylan, G., Jetzer, P., North, P., Schneider, P., Kochanek, C.S., Wambsganss, J. (eds.), Saas-Fee Advanced Course 33: Gravitational Lensing: Strong, Weak and Micro, p. 1

  509. Schneider, P., 2006b, Part 3: Weak gravitational lensing, in: G. Meylan, P. Jetzer, P. North, P. Schneider, C. S. Kochanek, & J. Wambsganss (ed.), Saas-Fee Advanced Course 33: Gravitational Lensing: Strong, Weak and Micro, p. 269

  510. Schneider, P., Ehlers, J., Falco, E.E., 1992, Gravitational Lenses

  511. Schönrich, R., 2012, Galactic rotation and solar motion from stellar kinematics, MNRAS 427, 274

  512. Schuberth, Y., Richtler, T., Hilker, M., Dirsch, B., Bassino, L.P., Romanowsky, A.J., Infante, L., 2010, The globular cluster system of NGC 1399. V. dynamics of the cluster system out to 80 kpc, A&A 513, A52

  513. Schwarzschild, M., 1979, A numerical model for a triaxial stellar system in dynamical equilibrium, ApJ 232, 236

  514. Scott, N., Cappellari, M., Davies, R.L., Bacon, R., de Zeeuw, P.T., Emsellem, E., Falcón-Barroso, J., Krajnović, D., Kuntschner, H., McDermid, R.M., Peletier, R.F., Pipino, A., Sarzi, M., van den Bosch, R.C.E., van de Ven, G., van Scherpenzeel, E., 2009, The SAURON Project - XIV. No escape from Vesc: a global and local parameter in early-type galaxy evolution, MNRAS 398, 1835

  515. Scranton, R., Ménard, B., Richards, G.T., Nichol, R.C., Myers, A.D., Jain, B., Gray, A., Bartelmann, M., Brunner, R.J., Connolly, A.J., Gunn, J.E., Sheth, R.K., Bahcall, N.A., Brinkman, J., Loveday, J., Schneider, D.P., Thakar, A., York, D.G., 2005, Detection of Cosmic Magnification with the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, ApJ 633, 589

  516. Seljak, U., 2000, Analytic model for galaxy and dark matter clustering, MNRAS 318, 203

  517. Sellwood, J.A., 1985, The global stability of our Galaxy, MNRAS 217, 127

  518. Sellwood, J.A., McGaugh, S.S., 2005, The Compression of Dark Matter Halos by Baryonic Infall, ApJ 634, 70

  519. Sellwood, J.A., Sánchez, R.Z., 2010, Quantifying non-circular streaming motions in disc galaxies, MNRAS 404, 1733

  520. Sersic, J.L., 1968, Atlas de galaxias australes, Cordoba, Argentina: Observatorio Astronomico, 1968

  521. Shapiro, K.L., Gerssen, J., van der Marel, R.P., 2003, Observational Constraints on Disk Heating as a Function of Hubble Type, AJ 126, 2707

  522. Shapley, A.E., Steidel, C.C., Erb, D.K., Reddy, N.A., Adelberger, K.L., Pettini, M., Barmby, P., Huang, J., 2005, Ultraviolet to Mid-Infrared Observations of Star-forming Galaxies at z~2: Stellar Masses and Stellar Populations, ApJ 626, 698

  523. Sharma, S., Bland-Hawthorn, J., Johnston, K.V., Binney, J., 2011, Galaxia: A Code to Generate a Synthetic Survey of the Milky Way, ApJ 730, 3

  524. Sheldon, E.S., Johnston, D.E., Frieman, J.A., Scranton, R., McKay, T.A., Connolly, A.J., Budavári, T., Zehavi, I., Bahcall, N.A., Brinkmann, J., Fukugita, M., 2004, The Galaxy-Mass Correlation Function Measured from Weak Lensing in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, AJ 127, 2544

  525. Sheth, K., Melbourne, J., Elmegreen, D.M., Elmegreen, B.G., Athanassoula, E., Abraham, R.G., Weiner, B.J., 2012, Hot Disks and Delayed Bar Formation, ApJ 758, 136

  526. Shin, E.M., Evans, N.W., 2008, The effect of satellite galaxies on gravitational lensing flux ratios, MNRAS 385, 2107

  527. Shu, F.H., Stachnik, R.V., Yost, J.C., 1971, On the Density-Wave Theory of Galactic Spirals. III. Comparisons with External Galaxies, ApJ 166, 465

  528. Simon, J.D., Bolatto, A.D., Leroy, A., Blitz, L., 2003, High-Resolution Measurements of the Dark Matter Halo of NGC 2976: Evidence for a Shallow Density Profile, ApJ 596, 957

  529. Simon, J.D., Bolatto, A.D., Leroy, A., Blitz, L., Gates, E.L., 2005, High-Resolution Measurements of the Halos of Four Dark Matter-Dominated Galaxies: Deviations from a Universal Density Profile, ApJ 621, 757

  530. Simon, J.D., Geha, M., 2007, The Kinematics of the Ultra-faint Milky Way Satellites: Solving the Missing Satellite Problem, ApJ 670, 313

  531. Simon, J.D., Geha, M., Minor, Q.E., Martinez, G.D., Kirby, E.N., Bullock, J.S., Kaplinghat, M., Strigari, L.E., Willman, B., Choi, P.I., Tollerud, E.J., Wolf, J., 2011, A Complete Spectroscopic Survey of the Milky Way Satellite Segue 1: The Darkest Galaxy, ApJ 733, 46

  532. Skrutskie, M.F., Cutri, R.M., Stiening, R., et al., 2006, The Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS), AJ 131, 1163

  533. Slipher, V.M., 1914, The Radial Velocity of the Andromeda Nebula, Popular Astronomy 22, 19

  534. Smith, M.C., Ruchti, G.R., Helmi, A., et al., 2007, The RAVE survey: constraining the local Galactic escape speed, MNRAS 379, 755

  535. Smith, R.J., Lucey, J.R., 2013, A giant elliptical galaxy with a lightweight initial mass function, MNRAS 434, 1964

  536. Sofue, Y., Rubin, V., 2001, Rotation Curves of Spiral Galaxies, ARA&A 39, 137

  537. Solanes, J.M., Salvador-Solé, E., 1990, Analytical anisotropic models of clusters of galaxies, A&A 234, 93

  538. Sonnenfeld, A., Treu, T., Gavazzi, R., Marshall, P.J., Auger, M.W., Suyu, S.H., Koopmans, L.V.E., Bolton, A.S., 2012, Evidence for Dark Matter Contraction and a Salpeter Initial Mass Function in a Massive Early-type Galaxy, ApJ 752, 163

  539. Spekkens, K., Giovanelli, R., Haynes, M.P., 2005, The Cusp/Core Problem in Galactic Halos: Long-Slit Spectra for a Large Dwarf Galaxy Sample, AJ 129, 2119

  540. Spekkens, K., Sellwood, J.A., 2007, Modeling Noncircular Motions in Disk Galaxies: Application to NGC 2976, ApJ 664, 204

  541. Spiniello, C., Koopmans, L.V.E., Trager, S.C., Czoske, O., Treu, T., 2011, The X-Shooter Lens Survey - I. Dark matter domination and a Salpeter-type initial mass function in a massive early-type galaxy, MNRAS 417, 3000

  542. Spiniello, C., Trager, S., Koopmans, L.V.E., Conroy, C., 2013, The stellar IMF determined in early-type galaxies from a non-degenerate set of optical line indices, arXiv:1305.2873

  543. Spiniello, C., Trager, S.C., Koopmans, L.V.E., Chen, Y.P., 2012, Evidence for a Mild Steepening and Bottom-heavy Initial Mass Function in Massive Galaxies from Sodium and Titanium-oxide Indicators, ApJ 753, L32

  544. Spinrad, H., Taylor, B.J., 1971, The Stellar Content of the Nuclei of Nearby Galaxies. I. M31, M32, and M81, ApJS 22, 445

  545. Spitzer, L., 1969, Equipartition and the formation of compact nuclei in spherical stellar systems, ApJ 158, L139

  546. Springel, V., Wang, J., Vogelsberger, M., Ludlow, A., Jenkins, A., Helmi, A., Navarro, J.F., Frenk, C.S., White, S.D.M., 2008, The Aquarius Project: the subhaloes of galactic haloes, MNRAS 391, 1685

  547. Springob, C.M., Haynes, M.P., Giovanelli, R., Kent, B.R., 2005, A Digital Archive of H I 21 Centimeter Line Spectra of Optically Targeted Galaxies, ApJS 160, 149

  548. Statler, T.S., 1989, Problems in determining the surface density of the Galactic disk, ApJ 344, 217

  549. Statler, T.S., 2001, The Shape and Orientation of NGC 3379: Implications for Nuclear Decoupling, AJ 121, 244

  550. Steinmetz, M., Zwitter, T., Siebert, A., Watson, F.G., Freeman, K.C., Munari, U., Campbell, R., Williams, M., Seabroke, G.M., Wyse, R.F.G., Parker, Q.A., Bienaymé, O., Roeser, S., Gibson, B.K., Gilmore, G., Grebel, E.K., Helmi, A., Navarro, J.F., Burton, D., Cass, C.J.P., Dawe, J.A., Fiegert, K., Hartley, M., Russell, K.S., Saunders, W., Enke, H., Bailin, J., Binney, J., Bland-Hawthorn, J., Boeche, C., Dehnen, W., Eisenstein, D.J., Evans, N.W., Fiorucci, M., Fulbright, J.P., Gerhard, O., Jauregi, U., Kelz, A., Mijović, L., Minchev, I., Parmentier, G., Peñarrubia, J., Quillen, A.C., Read, M.A., Ruchti, G., Scholz, R.D., Siviero, A., Smith, M.C., Sordo, R., Veltz, L., Vidrih, S., von Berlepsch, R., Boyle, B.J., Schilbach, E., 2006, The Radial Velocity Experiment (RAVE): First Data Release, AJ 132, 1645

  551. Strauss, M.A., Weinberg, D.H., Lupton, R.H., Narayanan, V.K., Annis, J., Bernardi, M., Blanton, M., Burles, S., Connolly, A.J., Dalcanton, J., Doi, M., Eisenstein, D., Frieman, J.A., Fukugita, M., Gunn, J.E., Ivezić, Ž., Kent, S., Kim, R.S.J., Knapp, G.R., Kron, R.G., Munn, J.A., Newberg, H.J., Nichol, R.C., Okamura, S., Quinn, T.R., Richmond, M.W., Schlegel, D.J., Shimasaku, K., SubbaRao, M., Szalay, A.S., Vanden Berk, D., Vogeley, M.S., Yanny, B., Yasuda, N., York, D.G., Zehavi, I., 2002, Spectroscopic Target Selection in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey: The Main Galaxy Sample, AJ 124, 1810

  552. Strigari, L.E., Bullock, J.S., Kaplinghat, M., Simon, J.D., Geha, M., Willman, B., Walker, M.G., 2008, A common mass scale for satellite galaxies of the Milky Way, Nature 454, 1096

  553. Strigari, L.E., Frenk, C.S., White, S.D.M., 2010, Kinematics of Milky Way satellites in a Lambda cold dark matter universe, MNRAS 408, 2364

  554. Suyu, S.H., Auger, M.W., Hilbert, S., Marshall, P.J., Tewes, M., Treu, T., Fassnacht, C.D., Koopmans, L.V.E., Sluse, D., Blandford, R.D., Courbin, F., Meylan, G., 2013, Two Accurate Time-delay Distances from Strong Lensing: Implications for Cosmology, ApJ 766, 70

  555. Suyu, S.H., Halkola, A., 2010, The halos of satellite galaxies: the companion of the massive elliptical lens SL2S J08544-0121, A&A 524, A94

  556. Suyu, S.H., Marshall, P.J., Auger, M.W., Hilbert, S., Blandford, R.D., Koopmans, L.V.E., Fassnacht, C.D., Treu, T., 2010, Dissecting the Gravitational lens B1608+656. II. Precision Measurements of the Hubble Constant, Spatial Curvature, and the Dark Energy Equation of State, ApJ 711, 201

  557. Suyu, S.H., Marshall, P.J., Blandford, R.D., Fassnacht, C.D., Koopmans, L.V.E., McKean, J.P., Treu, T., 2009, Dissecting the Gravitational Lens B1608+656. I. Lens Potential Reconstruction, ApJ 691, 277

  558. Swaters, R.A., Sancisi, R., van Albada, T.S., van der Hulst, J.M., 2011, Are Dwarf Galaxies Dominated by Dark Matter?, ApJ 729, 118

  559. Syer, D., Tremaine, S., 1996, Made-to-measure N-body systems, MNRAS 282, 223

  560. Sygnet, J.F., Tu, H., Fort, B., Gavazzi, R., 2010, A search for edge-on galaxy lenses in the CFHT Legacy Survey, A&A 517, A25

  561. Tamm, A., Tempel, E., Tenjes, P., Tihhonova, O., Tuvikene, T., 2012, Stellar mass map and dark matter distribution in M 31, A&A 546, A4

  562. Taylor, E.N., Franx, M., Brinchmann, J., van der Wel, A., van Dokkum, P.G., 2010, On the Masses of Galaxies in the Local Universe, ApJ 722, 1

  563. Taylor, E.N., Hopkins, A.M., Baldry, I.K., Brown, M.J.I., Driver, S.P., Kelvin, L.S., Hill, D.T., Robotham, A.S.G., Bland-Hawthorn, J., Jones, D.H., Sharp, R.G., Thomas, D., Liske, J., Loveday, J., Norberg, P., Peacock, J.A., Bamford, S.P., Brough, S., Colless, M., Cameron, E., Conselice, C.J., Croom, S.M., Frenk, C.S., Gunawardhana, M., Kuijken, K., Nichol, R.C., Parkinson, H.R., Phillipps, S., Pimbblet, K.A., Popescu, C.C., Prescott, M., Sutherland, W.J., Tuffs, R.J., van Kampen, E., Wijesinghe, D., 2011, Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA): stellar mass estimates, MNRAS 418, 1587

  564. Teodorescu, A.M., Méndez, R.H., Bernardi, F., Thomas, J., Das, P., Gerhard, O., 2011, Planetary Nebulae in the Elliptical Galaxy NGC 4649 (M60): Kinematics and Distance Redetermination, ApJ 736, 65

  565. Teuben, P.J., 2002, Velocity Fields of Disk Galaxies, in: Athanassoula, E., Bosma, A., Mujica, R. (eds.), Disks of Galaxies: Kinematics, Dynamics and Peturbations, vol. 275 of Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series, p. 217

  566. The, L.S., White, S.D.M., 1986, The mass of the Coma cluster, AJ 92, 1248

  567. Thomas, D., Maraston, C., Johansson, J., 2011a, Flux-calibrated stellar population models of Lick absorption-line indices with variable element abundance ratios, MNRAS 412, 2183

  568. Thomas, D., Maraston, C., Korn, A., 2004a, Higher-order Balmer line indices in α/Fe-enhanced stellar population models, MNRAS 351, L19

  569. Thomas, J., Jesseit, R., Saglia, R.P., Bender, R., Burkert, A., Corsini, E.M., Gebhardt, K., Magorrian, J., Naab, T., Thomas, D., Wegner, G., 2009, The flattening and the orbital structure of early-type galaxies and collisionless N-body binary disc mergers, MNRAS 393, 641

  570. Thomas, J., Saglia, R.P., Bender, R., Thomas, D., Gebhardt, K., Magorrian, J., Corsini, E.M., Wegner, G., 2007, Dynamical modelling of luminous and dark matter in 17 Coma early-type galaxies, MNRAS 382, 657

  571. Thomas, J., Saglia, R.P., Bender, R., Thomas, D., Gebhardt, K., Magorrian, J., Corsini, E.M., Wegner, G., Seitz, S., 2011b, Dynamical masses of early-type galaxies: a comparison to lensing results and implications for the stellar initial mass function and the distribution of dark matter, MNRAS 415, 545

  572. Thomas, J., Saglia, R.P., Bender, R., Thomas, D., Gebhardt, K., Magorrian, J., Richstone, D., 2004b, Mapping stationary axisymmetric phase-space distribution functions by orbit libraries, MNRAS 353, 391

  573. Tinker, J., Kravtsov, A.V., Klypin, A., Abazajian, K., Warren, M., Yepes, G., Gottlöber, S., Holz, D.E., 2008, Toward a Halo Mass Function for Precision Cosmology: The Limits of Universality, ApJ 688, 709

  574. Tinsley, B.M., 1972, Galactic Evolution, A&A 20, 383

  575. Tinsley, B.M., Gunn, J.E., 1976, Evolutionary synthesis of the stellar population in elliptical galaxies. I - Ingredients, broad-band colors, and infrared features, ApJ 203, 52

  576. Tojeiro, R., Heavens, A.F., Jimenez, R., Panter, B., 2007, Recovering galaxy star formation and metallicity histories from spectra using VESPA, MNRAS 381, 1252

  577. Tojeiro, R., Wilkins, S., Heavens, A.F., Panter, B. and Jimenez, R., 2009, A Public Catalog of Stellar Masses, Star Formation and Metallicity His tories, and Dust Content from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey using VESPA, ApJS 185, 1

  578. Tolstoy, E., Irwin, M.J., Helmi, A., Battaglia, G., Jablonka, P., Hill, V., Venn, K.A., Shetrone, M.D., Letarte, B., Cole, A.A., Primas, F., Francois, P., Arimoto, N., Sadakane, K., Kaufer, A., Szeifert, T., Abel, T., 2004, Two Distinct Ancient Components in the Sculptor Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy: First Results from the Dwarf Abundances and Radial Velocities Team, ApJ 617, L119

  579. Tonry, J.L., 1983, Anisotropic velocity dispersions in spherical galaxies, ApJ 266, 58

  580. Toomre, A., 1963, On the Distribution of Matter Within Highly Flattened Galaxies, ApJ 138, 385

  581. Tormen, G., Bouchet, F.R., White, S.D.M., 1997, The structure and dynamical evolution of dark matter haloes, MNRAS 286, 865

  582. Tortora, C., Romanowsky, A.J., Napolitano, N.R., 2013, An Inventory of the Stellar Initial Mass Function in Early-type Galaxies, ApJ 765, 8

  583. Trager, S.C., Faber, S.M., Worthey, G., González, J.J., 2000, The Stellar Population Histories of Early-Type Galaxies. II. Controlling Parameters of the Stellar Populations, AJ 120, 165

  584. Tremaine, S., Richstone, D.O., Byun, Y.I., Dressler, A., Faber, S.M., Grillmair, C., Kormendy, J., Lauer, T.R., 1994, A family of models for spherical stellar systems, AJ 107, 634

  585. Treu, T., 2010, Strong Lensing by Galaxies, ARA&A 48, 87

  586. Treu, T., Auger, M.W., Koopmans, L.V.E., Gavazzi, R., Marshall, P.J., Bolton, A.S., 2010, The Initial Mass Function of Early-Type Galaxies, ApJ 709, 1195

  587. Treu, T., Dutton, A.A., Auger, M.W., Marshall, P.J., Bolton, A.S., Brewer, B.J., Koo, D.C., Koopmans, L.V.E., 2011, The SWELLS survey - I. A large spectroscopically selected sample of edge-on late-type lens galaxies, MNRAS 417, 1601

  588. Treu, T., Gavazzi, R., Gorecki, A., Marshall, P.J., Koopmans, L.V.E., Bolton, A.S., Moustakas, L.A., Burles, S., 2009, The SLACS Survey. VIII. The Relation between Environment and Internal Structure of Early-Type Galaxies, ApJ 690, 670

  589. Treu, T., Koopmans, L.V., Bolton, A.S., Burles, S., Moustakas, L.A., 2006, The Sloan Lens ACS Survey. II. Stellar Populations and Internal Structure of Early-Type Lens Galaxies, ApJ 640, 662

  590. Treu, T., Koopmans, L.V.E., 2002a, The Internal Structure and Formation of Early-Type Galaxies: The Gravitational Lens System MG 2016+112 at z = 1.004, ApJ 575, 87

  591. Treu, T., Koopmans, L.V.E., 2002b, The internal structure of the lens PG1115+080: breaking degeneracies in the value of the Hubble constant, MNRAS 337, L6

  592. Treu, T., Koopmans, L.V.E., 2004, Massive Dark Matter Halos and Evolution of Early-Type Galaxies to z ≈ 1, ApJ 611, 739

  593. Trott, C.M., Treu, T., Koopmans, L.V.E., Webster, R.L., 2010, Stars and dark matter in the spiral gravitational lens 2237+0305, MNRAS 401, 1540

  594. Trott, C.M., Webster, R.L., 2002, Dissecting a galaxy: mass distribution of 2237+0305, MNRAS 334, 621

  595. Trujillo, I., Burkert, A., Bell, E.F., 2004, The Tilt of the Fundamental Plane: Three-Quarters Structural Nonhomology, One-Quarter Stellar Population, ApJ 600, L39

  596. Trujillo-Gomez, S., Klypin, A., Primack, J., Romanowsky, A.J., 2011, Galaxies in ΛCDM with Halo Abundance Matching: Luminosity-Velocity Relation, Baryonic Mass-Velocity Relation, Velocity Function, and Clustering, ApJ 742, 16

  597. Tyson, J.A., Valdes, F., Jarvis, J.F., Mills, Jr., A.P., 1984, Galaxy mass distribution from gravitational light deflection, ApJ 281, L59

  598. Tyson, J.A., Wenk, R.A., Valdes, F., 1990, Detection of systematic gravitational lens galaxy image alignments - Mapping dark matter in galaxy clusters, ApJ 349, L1

  599. Valenzuela, O., Klypin, A., 2003, Secular bar formation in galaxies with a significant amount of dark matter, MNRAS 345, 406

  600. Valenzuela, O., Rhee, G., Klypin, A., Governato, F., Stinson, G., Quinn, T., Wadsley, J., 2007, Is There Evidence for Flat Cores in the Halos of Dwarf Galaxies? The Case of NGC 3109 and NGC 6822, ApJ 657, 773

  601. Valluri, M., Merritt, D., Emsellem, E., 2004, Difficulties with Recovering the Masses of Supermassive Black Holes from Stellar Kinematical Data, ApJ 602, 66

  602. van Albada, T.S., Bahcall, J.N., Begeman, K., Sancisi, R., 1985, Distribution of dark matter in the spiral galaxy NGC 3198, ApJ 295, 305

  603. van de Ven, G., de Zeeuw, P.T., van den Bosch, R.C.E., 2008, Recovery of the internal orbital structure of galaxies, MNRAS 385, 614

  604. van de Ven, G., Hunter, C., Verolme, E.K., de Zeeuw, P.T., 2003, General solution of the Jeans equations for triaxial galaxies with separable potentials, MNRAS 342, 1056

  605. van de Ven, G., van den Bosch, R.C.E., Verolme, E.K., de Zeeuw, P.T., 2006, The dynamical distance and intrinsic structure of the globular cluster ω Centauri, A&A 445, 513

  606. van den Bosch, F.C., Swaters, R.A., 2001, Dwarf galaxy rotation curves and the core problem of dark matter haloes, MNRAS 325, 1017

  607. van den Bosch, R., de Zeeuw, T., Gebhardt, K., Noyola, E., van de Ven, G., 2006, The Dynamical Mass-to-Light Ratio Profile and Distance of the Globular Cluster M15, ApJ 641, 852

  608. van den Bosch, R.C.E., van de Ven, G., 2009, Recovering the intrinsic shape of early-type galaxies, MNRAS 398, 1117

  609. van den Bosch, R.C.E., van de Ven, G., Verolme, E.K., Cappellari, M., de Zeeuw, P.T., 2008, Triaxial orbit based galaxy models with an application to the (apparent) decoupled core galaxy NGC 4365, MNRAS 385, 647

  610. van der Kruit, P.C., 1988, The three-dimensional distribution of light and mass in disks of spiral galaxies, A&A 192, 117

  611. van der Kruit, P.C., Allen, R.J., 1978, The kinematics of spiral and irregular galaxies, ARA&A 16, 103

  612. van der Kruit, P.C., Freeman, K.C., 2011, Galaxy Disks, ARA&A 49, 301

  613. van der Marel, R.P., Anderson, J., 2010, New Limits on an Intermediate-Mass Black Hole in Omega Centauri. II. Dynamical Models, ApJ 710, 1063

  614. van der Marel, R.P., Binney, J., Davies, R.L., 1990, Models of Elliptical Galaxies - NGC3379, NGC4261, NGC4278 and NGC4472, MNRAS 245, 582

  615. van der Marel, R.P., Cretton, N., de Zeeuw, P.T., Rix, H.W., 1998, Improved Evidence for a Black Hole in M32 from HST/FOS Spectra. II. Axisymmetric Dynamical Models, ApJ 493, 613

  616. van der Marel, R.P., Fardal, M., Besla, G., Beaton, R.L., Sohn, S.T., Anderson, J., Brown, T., Guhathakurta, P., 2012, The M31 Velocity Vector. II. Radial Orbit toward the Milky Way and Implied Local Group Mass, ApJ 753, 8

  617. van der Marel, R.P., Guhathakurta, P., 2008, M31 Transverse Velocity and Local Group Mass from Satellite Kinematics, ApJ 678, 187

  618. van der Marel, R.P., Rix, H.W., Carter, D., Franx, M., White, S.D.M., de Zeeuw, T., 1994, Velocity Profiles of Galaxies with Claimed Black-Holes - Part One - Observations of M31, M32, NG C3115 and NGC 4594, MNRAS 268, 521

  619. van Dokkum, P.G., 2008, Evidence of Cosmic Evolution of the Stellar Initial Mass Function, ApJ 674, 29

  620. van Dokkum, P.G., Conroy, C., 2010, A substantial population of low-mass stars in luminous elliptical galaxies, Nature 468, 940

  621. van Dokkum, P.G., Conroy, C., 2012, The Stellar Initial Mass Function in Early-type Galaxies from Absorption Line Spectroscopy. I. Data and Empirical Trends, ApJ 760, 70

  622. van Uitert, E., Hoekstra, H., Schrabback, T., Gilbank, D.G., Gladders, M.D., Yee, H.K.C., 2012, Constraints on the shapes of galaxy dark matter haloes from weak gravitational lensing, A&A 545, A71

  623. van Uitert, E., Hoekstra, H., Velander, M., Gilbank, D.G., Gladders, M.D., Yee, H.K.C., 2011, Galaxy-galaxy lensing constraints on the relation between baryons and dark matter in galaxies in the Red Sequence Cluster Survey 2, A&A 534, A14

  624. van Waerbeke, L., 1998, Scale dependence of the bias investigated by weak lensing, Astron. Astrophys. 334, 1

  625. Van Waerbeke, L., Mellier, Y., Hoekstra, H., 2005, Dealing with systematics in cosmic shear studies: New results from the VIRMOS-Descart survey, Astron. Astrophys. 429, 75

  626. Van Waerbeke, L., Mellier, Y., Pelló, R., Pen, U., McCracken, H.J., Jain, B., 2002, Likelihood analysis of cosmic shear on simulated and VIRMOS-DESCART data, Astron. Astrophys. 393, 369

  627. Vazdekis, A., Casuso, E., Peletier, R.F., Beckman, J.E., 1996, A New Chemo-evolutionary Population Synthesis Model for Early-Type Galaxies. I. Theoretical Basis, ApJS 106, 307

  628. Vega Beltrán, J.C., Pizzella, A., Corsini, E.M., Funes, J.G., Zeilinger, W.W., Beckman, J.E., Bertola, F., 2001, Kinematic properties of gas and stars in 20 disc galaxies, A&A 374, 394

  629. Vegetti, S., Czoske, O., Koopmans, L.V.E., 2010a, Quantifying dwarf satellites through gravitational imaging: the case of SDSSJ120602.09+514229.5, MNRAS 407, 225

  630. Vegetti, S., Koopmans, L.V.E., 2009, Bayesian strong gravitational-lens modelling on adaptive grids: objective detection of mass substructure in Galaxies, MNRAS 392, 945

  631. Vegetti, S., Koopmans, L.V.E., Bolton, A., Treu, T., Gavazzi, R., 2010b, Detection of a dark substructure through gravitational imaging, MNRAS 408, 1969

  632. Vegetti, S., Lagattuta, D.J., McKean, J.P., Auger, M.W., Fassnacht, C.D., Koopmans, L.V.E., 2012, Gravitational detection of a low-mass dark satellite galaxy at cosmological distance, Nature 481, 341

  633. Verolme, E.K., Cappellari, M., Copin, Y., van der Marel, R.P., Bacon, R., Bureau, M., Davies, R.L., Miller, B.M., de Zeeuw, P.T., 2002, A SAURON study of M32: measuring the intrinsic flattening and the central black hole mass, MNRAS 335, 517

  634. Walcher, J., Groves, B., Budavári, T., Dale, D., 2011, Fitting the integrated spectral energy distributions of galaxies, Ap&SS 331, 1

  635. Walker, M.G., Mateo, M., Olszewski, E.W., 2009a, Stellar Velocities in the Carina, Fornax, Sculptor, and Sextans dSph Galaxies: Data From the Magellan/MMFS Survey, AJ 137, 3100

  636. Walker, M.G., Mateo, M., Olszewski, E.W., Peñarrubia, J., Wyn Evans, N., Gilmore, G., 2009b, A Universal Mass Profile for Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxies?, ApJ 704, 1274

  637. Walker, M.G., Peñarrubia, J., 2011, A Method for Measuring (Slopes of) the Mass Profiles of Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxies, ApJ 742, 20

  638. Warren, S.J., Iovino, A., Hewett, P.C., Shaver, P.A., 1998, Spectroscopy of the optical Einstein ring 0047-2808, MNRAS 299, 1215

  639. Watkins, L.L., Evans, N.W., An, J.H., 2010, The masses of the Milky Way and Andromeda galaxies, MNRAS 406, 264

  640. Weaver, H., Williams, D.R.W., 1973, The Berkeley low-latitude survey of neutral hydrogen Part I. Profiles, A&As 8, 1

  641. Wegner, G.A., Corsini, E.M., Thomas, J., Saglia, R.P., Bender, R., Pu, S.B., 2012, Further Evidence for Large Central Mass-to-light Ratios in Early-type Galaxies: The Case of Ellipticals and Lenticulars in the A262 Cluster, AJ 144, 78

  642. Weijmans, A., Cappellari, M., Bacon, R., de Zeeuw, P.T., Emsellem, E., Falcón-Barroso, J., Kuntschner, H., McDermid, R.M., van den Bosch, R.C.E., van de Ven, G., 2009, Stellar velocity profiles and line strengths out to four effective radii in the early-type galaxies NGC3379 and 821, MNRAS 398, 561

  643. Weijmans, A.M., Krajnović, D., van de Ven, G., Oosterloo, T.A., Morganti, R., de Zeeuw, P.T., 2008, The shape of the dark matter halo in the early-type galaxy NGC 2974, MNRAS 383, 1343

  644. Weinberg, M.D., 1985, Evolution of barred galaxies by dynamical friction, MNRAS 213, 451

  645. Weiner, B.J., Sellwood, J.A., Williams, T.B., 2001, The Disk and Dark Halo Mass of the Barred Galaxy NGC 4123. II. Fluid-Dynamical Models, ApJ 546, 931

  646. Westfall, K.B., Bershady, M.A., Verheijen, M.A.W., Andersen, D.R., Martinsson, T.P.K., Swaters, R.A., Schechtman-Rook, A., 2011, The DiskMass Survey. IV. The Dark-matter-dominated Galaxy UGC 463, ApJ 742, 18

  647. Wevers, B.M.H.R., 1984, A study of spiral galaxies using HI synthesis observations and photographic surface photometry

  648. White, S.D.M., Rees, M.J., 1978, Core condensation in heavy halos - A two-stage theory for galaxy formation and clustering, MNRAS 183, 341

  649. Widrow, L.M., Dubinski, J., 2005, Equilibrium Disk-Bulge-Halo Models for the Milky Way and Andromeda Galaxies, ApJ 631, 838

  650. Widrow, L.M., Gardner, S., Yanny, B., Dodelson, S., Chen, H.Y., 2012, Galactoseismology: Discovery of Vertical Waves in the Galactic Disk, ApJ 750, L41

  651. Widrow, L.M., Pym, B., Dubinski, J., 2008, Dynamical Blueprints for Galaxies, ApJ 679, 1239

  652. Wilkins, S.M., Gonzalez-Perez, V., Baugh, C.M., Lacey, C.G., Zuntz, J., 2013, Single-colour diagnostics of the mass-to-light ratio - I. Predictions from galaxy formation models, MNRAS 431, 430

  653. Wilkinson, M.I., Evans, N.W., 1999, The present and future mass of the Milky Way halo, MNRAS 310, 645

  654. Wilkinson, M.I., Vallenari, A., Turon, C., et al., 2005, Spectroscopic survey of the Galaxy with Gaia- II. The expected science yield from the Radial Velocity Spectrometer, MNRAS 359, 1306

  655. Williams, M.E.K., Steinmetz, M., Binney, J., Siebert, A., Enke, H., Famaey, B., Minchev, I., de Jong, R., Boeche, C., Freeman, K.C., Bienayme, O., Bland-Hawthorn, J., Gibson, B.K., Gilmore, G.F., Helmi, A., Kordopatis, G., Munari, U., Navarro, J.F., Parker, Q.A., Reid, W., Seabroke, G.M., Sharma, S., Siviero, A., Watson, F.G., Wyse, R.F.G., Zwitter, T., 2013, The wobbly Galaxy: kinematics north and south with RAVE red clump giants, arXiv:1302.2468

  656. Wojtak, R., Łokas, E.L., Mamon, G.A., Gottlöber, S., 2009, The mass and anisotropy profiles of galaxy clusters from the projected phase-space density: testing the method on simulated data, MNRAS 399, 812

  657. Wojtak, R., Łokas, E.L., Mamon, G.A., Gottlöber, S., Klypin, A., Hoffman, Y., 2008, The distribution function of dark matter particles in massive haloes, MNRAS 388, 815

  658. Wojtak, R., Mamon, G.A., 2013, Physical properties underlying observed kinematics of satellite galaxies, MNRAS 428, 2407

  659. Wolf, J., Martinez, G.D., Bullock, J.S., Kaplinghat, M., Geha, M., Muñoz, R.R., Simon, J.D., Avedo, F.F., 2010, Accurate masses for dispersion-supported galaxies, MNRAS 406, 1220

  660. Woodley, K.A., Gómez, M., Harris, W.E., Geisler, D., Harris, G.L.H., 2010, The Kinematics of the Globular Cluster System of NGC 5128 with a New Large Sample of Radial Velocity Measurements, AJ 139, 1871

  661. Worthey, G., 1994, Comprehensive stellar population models and the disentanglement of age and metallicity effects, ApJS 95, 107

  662. Worthey, G., Ottaviani, D.L., 1997, H gamma and H delta Absorption Features in Stars and Stellar Populations, ApJS 111, 377

  663. Xu, D.D., Mao, S., Cooper, A.P., Gao, L., Frenk, C.S., Angulo, R.E., Helly, J., 2012, On the effects of line-of-sight structures on lensing flux-ratio anomalies in a ΛCDM universe, MNRAS 421, 2553

  664. Xu, D.D., Mao, S., Wang, J., Springel, V., Gao, L., White, S.D.M., Frenk, C.S., Jenkins, A., Li, G., Navarro, J.F., 2009, Effects of dark matter substructures on gravitational lensing: results from the Aquarius simulations, MNRAS 398, 1235

  665. Xue, X.X., Rix, H.W., Yanny, B., et al., 2011, Quantifying Kinematic Substructure in the Milky Way's Stellar Halo, ApJ 738, 79

  666. Xue, X.X., Rix, H.W., Zhao, G., et al., 2008, The Milky Way's Circular Velocity Curve to 60 kpc and an Estimate of the Dark Matter Halo Mass from the Kinematics of ~ 2400 SDSS Blue Horizontal-Branch Stars, ApJ 684, 1143

  667. Yang, X., Mo, H.J., van den Bosch, F.C., 2009, Galaxy Groups in the SDSS DR4. III. The Luminosity and Stellar Mass Functions, ApJ 695, 900

  668. Yanny, B., Rockosi, C., Newberg, H.J., et al., 2009, SEGUE: A Spectroscopic Survey of 240,000 Stars with g = 14-20, AJ 137, 4377

  669. Yegorova, I.A., Pizzella, A., Salucci, P., 2011, Probing dark matter haloes of spiral galaxies at poorly explored distances using satellite kinematics, A&A 532, A105

  670. Young, L.M., Bureau, M., Davis, T.A., Combes, F., McDermid, R.M., Alatalo, K., Blitz, L., Bois, M., Bournaud, F., Cappellari, M., Davies, R.L., de Zeeuw, P.T., Emsellem, E., Khochfar, S., Krajnović, D., Kuntschner, H., Lablanche, P.Y., Morganti, R., Naab, T., Oosterloo, T., Sarzi, M., Scott, N., Serra, P., Weijmans, A.M., 2011, The ATLAS3D project - IV. The molecular gas content of early-type galaxies, MNRAS 414, 940

  671. Zaritsky, D., Colucci, J.E., Pessev, P.M., Bernstein, R.A., Chandar, R., 2012, Evidence for Two Distinct Stellar Initial Mass Functions, ApJ 761, 93

  672. Zibetti, S., Charlot, S., Rix, H.W., 2009, Resolved stellar mass maps of galaxies - I. Method and implications for global mass estimates, MNRAS 400, 1181

  673. Zwaan, M.A., van der Hulst, J.M., de Blok, W.J.G., McGaugh, S.S., 1995, The Tully-Fisher relation for low surface brightness galaxies: implications for galaxy evolution, MNRAS 273, L35

  674. Zwicky, F., 1933, Die Rotverschiebung von extragalaktischen Nebeln, Helvetica Physica Acta 6, 110

Contents Previous