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Chapter Contents

  1. Introduction

  2. The Hubble classification system

  3. de Vaucouleurs' system

  4. Elmegreen's classification of spiral arms

  5. van den Bergh's classification of galaxies

  6. Morgan's classification system

  7. Galactic bars

  8. Elliptical galaxies

  9. The S0 class

  10. Early-type galaxies

  11. Dwarf spheroidal galaxies

  12. Low surface brightness galaxies

  13. Morphology of active galaxies

  14. Evolution of galaxy morphology

  15. Computer classification of galaxy images

  16. Problems, challenges and conclusions