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A Hubble diagram for 23 galaxies with Cepheid distances is shown in Figure 1. The galaxy velocities have been corrected for the flow field model described above. The error bars in this plot reflect the difference between the predictions from this flow field and those of Tonry et al. (2000). A fit to the data yields a slope of 75 ± 10 km s-1 Mpc-1, excluding systematic errors. As we shall see in Section 7 below, the scatter is larger in this Hubble diagram than for the secondary methods that operate at greater distances; however, the mean value of H0 for nearby galaxies is in very good agreement with the distant sample. In Table 5, we give the uncorrected, heliocentric velocities for the Cepheid galaxies, and the velocities as successive corrections are added: corrections for the Local Group, the Virgo cluster, the Great Attractor, and the Shapley concentration. The velocities plotted include all of these corrections. For comparison, we also list the velocities calculated from the Tonry et al. (2000) flow model, using our Cepheid distances, and assuming H0 = 78 km s-1 Mpc-1 , and Omegam = 0.2, as in their paper. There are some differences between the simple flow model that we have adopted and the Tonry et al. model, most significantly, the Fornax cluster galaxies. Our adopted triple attractor model yields a quieter flow at Fornax, and reproduces the cosmic microwave background frame. The agreement for the Virgo cluster, however, is excellent. Again this comparison demonstrates the importance of measuring H0 at large distances where uncertainties in the velocities become unimportant.

Figure 1

Figure 1. Velocity versus distance for galaxies with Cepheid distances. Velocities in this plot have been corrected using the flow model described in Mould et al. (2000). The Cepheid distances have been corrected for metallicity. A formal fit to these data yields a slope of H0 = 75 ± 10r km/sec/Mpc, in good agreement, to within the uncertainties, of the value of H0 obtained for methods which extend to much greater distances.

Table 5. Local Velocity Flow
Table 5

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