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Gianfranco Bertone 1 & Dan Hooper 2,3

1 GRAPPA, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
2 Center for Particle Astrophysics, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, USA
3 Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The University of Chicago, USA

Abstract: Although dark matter is a central element of modern cosmology, the history of how it became accepted as part of the dominant paradigm is often ignored or condensed into a brief anecdotical account focused around the work of a few pioneering scientists. The aim of this review is to provide the reader with a broader historical perspective on the observational discoveries and the theoretical arguments that led the scientific community to adopt dark matter as an essential part of the standard cosmological model.

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