Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 1997. 35: 267-307
Copyright © 1997 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved

Reprinted with kind permission from Annual Reviews, 4139 El Camino Way, Palo Alto, California, USA


LOW SURFACE BRIGHTNESS GALAXIES

Chris Impey


Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721

Greg Bothun


Physics Department, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403

Key Words: physical properties, galaxy morphology, cosmology, luminosity function, quasar absorption


Abstract. The properties of galaxies that are lower in surface brightness than the dark night sky are reviewed. There are substantial selection effects against the discovery of galaxies that are unevolved or diffuse; these systems are missing from most wide-field catalogs. Low surface brightness galaxies make up a significant amount of the luminosity density of the local universe. They contribute substantial but poorly determined amounts to the census of baryons and dark matter. Low surface brightness galaxies are also relevant to the interpretation of quasar absorption lines, and to the understanding of rapidly evolving galaxy populations in the more distant universe. Theories of galaxy formation and evolution must accomodate the properties of these diffuse stellar systems.


Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

THE TRUE POPULATION OF GALAXIES
Surface Brightness Selection and Galaxy Visibility
The Local Galaxy Luminosity Function

SURVEYS OF LSB GALAXIES
Photographic Surveys
CCD Surveys

THE SIGNIFICANCE OF LSB GALAXIES
Light and Matter in the Universe
Galaxy Evolution
Implications for Quasar Absorption
Galaxy Formation

REFERENCES

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