https://arxiv.org/abs/1605.04909

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A HISTORY OF DARK MATTER

Gianfranco Bertone 1 & Dan Hooper 2,3


1 GRAPPA, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
2 Center for Particle Astrophysics, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, USA
3 Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The University of Chicago, USA


Abstract: Although dark matter is a central element of modern cosmology, the history of how it became accepted as part of the dominant paradigm is often ignored or condensed into a brief anecdotical account focused around the work of a few pioneering scientists. The aim of this review is to provide the reader with a broader historical perspective on the observational discoveries and the theoretical arguments that led the scientific community to adopt dark matter as an essential part of the standard cosmological model.


Table of Contents

PREFACE

PREHISTORY
From Epicurus to Galileo
Dark Stars, Dark Planets, Dark Clouds
Dynamical Evidence

GALAXY CLUSTERS
Zwicky and Smith
A Confusing Situation

GALACTIC ROTATION CURVES
The Beginnings
The 1970s Revolution
Local Measurements

DARK MATTER PARTICLES
Neutrinos
Supersymmetry
Axions
The WIMP Paradigm

BARYONIC DARK MATTER
Gravitational Microlensing
The Universe's Baryon Budget
Primordial Black Holes

MODIFIED GRAVITY
Toward a Realistic Theory of MOND
Observational Successes and Failures

PIECING THE PUZZLE
Discrepancies At All Scales
Cosmology
Numerical Simulations

THE HUNT FOR DARK MATTER PARTICLES
Scattering with Nuclei
Annihilation and Decay
Axion Experiments

APPENDIX : FURTHER READING

REFERENCES

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