Reprinted with permission from the author. Source:
(1999), Science, 284, Issue 5419, p. 1503
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ABSTRACT. The age of the universe in the Big Bang model can be calculated from three parameters: Hubble's constant, (h); the mass density of the universe, (m); and the cosmological constant, (). Recent observations of the cosmic microwave background and six other cosmological measurements reduce the uncertainty in these three parameters, yielding an age for the universe of 13.4 ± 1.6 billion years, which is a billion years younger than other recent age estimates. A different standard Big Bang model, which includes cold dark matter with a cosmological constant, provides a consistent and absolutely time-calibrated evolutionary sequence for the universe.
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