Published in Physics-Uspekhi, 48 (11), 1109-1127, 2005
Translated by K.A. Postnov; edited by A.M. Semikhatov
astro-ph/0603154

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SKY SURVEYS AND DEEP FIELDS OF GROUND-BASED AND SPACE TELESCOPES

V.P. Reshetnikov


Astronomical Institute of St.Petersburg State University, Universitetskii pr. 28, Petrodvoretz, 198504 Russia; resh@astro.spbu.ru


Abstract. Selected results obtained in major observational sky surveys (DSS, 2MASS, 2dF, SDSS) and deep field observations (HDF, GOODS, HUDF, etc.) are reviewed. Modern surveys provide information on the characteristics and space distribution of millions of galaxies. Deep fields allow one to study galaxies at the stage of formation and to trace their evolution over billions of years. The wealth of observational data is altering the face of modern astronomy: the formulation of problems and their solutions are changing and all the previous knowledge, from planetary studies in the solar system to the most distant galaxies and quasars, is being revised.


Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SURVEYS AND DEEP FIELDS

SKY SURVEYS
Photographic surveys
APM
DSS and DPOSS
2MASS
2dF and 6dF
SDSS

DEEP FIELDS
WHDF
HDF
CDF
FDF
SDF and SXDS
COMBO-17
GOODS
HUDF
Other projects

SOME RESULTS
Galaxy counts
Galaxy distribution
Evolution of the luminosity function
Evolution of the galaxy structure
The most distant galaxies
History of star formation in the Universe

CONCLUSION

REFERENCES

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