Invited review in "The New Cosmology", eds. R. E. Allen,
D. V. Nanopoulos, and C. N. Pope, in press.
For a PDF version of the article, click
For a PDF version of the article, click here.
Abstract. Here I summarize constraints on the nature of the dark matter halos of field galaxies that have been obtained from the most recent investigations of (i) weak galaxy-galaxy lensing and (ii) the dynamics of satellite galaxies in orbit about large host galaxies. Both of these techniques are statistical in their nature (i.e., large samples of galaxies are required to obtain a "signal"), but since they have inherently different selection biases and systematic errors, they are quite complementary to each other. Results of work over the last several years on weak lensing and satellite dynamics is revealing a remarkably consistent picture regarding the dark matter halos of bright field galaxies (L L*). The halos extend to large physical radii ( 150 h-1 kpc) and are flattened in projection on the sky, there is a marked difference in the depths of the potential wells of early-type galaxies and late-type galaxies, and the velocity dispersion profiles of the halos, v(rp), decrease at large projected radii. All of these are expected to hold true in a cold dark matter universe and, while neither technique can address the possible small-scale ( 5 h-1 kpc) conflicts between cold dark matter and observed galaxies, on scales 50 h-1 kpc both techniques yield results that are consistent with each other, and with the predictions of cold dark matter.
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