Published in "Formation of Structure in the Universe", Eds. A. Dekel and J. Ostriker , 1999, Cambridge University Press


MEASUREMENT OF GALAXY DISTANCES

Jeffrey A. Willick

Department of Physics, Stanford University


ABSTRACT. Six of the principal galaxy distance indicators are discussed: Cepheid variables, the Tully-Fisher relation, the Dn-sigma relation, Surface Brightness Fluctuations, Brightest Cluster Galaxies, and Type Ia Supernovae. The role they play in peculiar velocity surveys and Hubble constant determination is emphasized. Past, present, and future efforts at constructing catalogs of redshift-independent distances are described. The chapter concludes with a qualitative overview of Malmquist and related biases.


Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION
Peculiar Velocities versus H0
Distance Indicators

CEPHEID VARIABLES

THE TULLY-FISHER RELATION FOR SPIRAL GALAXIES
The TF Relation and Galaxy Structure
Applying the TF Relation: A Few Details
The TF Scatter
Future Directions

THE Dn-sigma AND FUNDAMENTAL PLANE RELATIONS FOR ELLIPTICAL GALAXIES

SURFACE BRIGHTNESS FLUCTUATIONS
Calibration of SBF
Results from SBF Surveys

SUPERNOVAE

BRIGHTEST CLUSTER GALAXIES

REDSHIFT-DISTANCE CATALOGS

MALMQUIST AND OTHER BIASES

SUMMARY

REFERENCES

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