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Holdings: Graphics

Sky Density

Distribution of 1.1 billion distinct objects on the sky as of November 2021, after the integration of the Chandra Source Catalog Release 2.0 (CSC 2.0) in NED. The data are plotted in Galactic coordinates. The color bar shows the number density ranging from 0 (black) to 7.09 million (red) objects per square degree. The densest region in the current NED sky (centered at l = 223.59 deg and b = -54.39 deg) is within the Hubble Ultra Deep Field.
Distribution of 8.9 million distinct objects in NED that have at least one redshift measurement as of November 2021. The data are plotted in Galactic coordinates.

Redshift Distribution

The spectroscopic and photometric redshift (look-back time) distributions of NED objects as of February 2021.

Large Data Sets in NED

More information and graphics are available for some of the largest data sets in NED.

Comparison to Model Predictions

We present here preliminary results (NED 2015, in prep.), comparing the NED spectroscopic redshift distribution at z < 0.3 with a simple cosmological model. This gives an idea of the relative completeness of NED as a function of redshift.

Top left
Differential counts of galaxies with spectroscopic redshifts (~ 1 million with z < 0.3) in NED. These are compared to model predictions of the galaxy redshift distribution, obtained by multiplying the comoving volume element by an empirical estimate of the galaxy number density. We assume that galaxy number density is redshift-independent at these low redshifts, and estimate its value by integrating over published Schechter function fits to the observed galaxy luminosity function (e.g., Blanton et al. 2003; Zucca et al. 2012 ), with a lower luminosity cutoff of L/*L=0.0001. We assume a cosmology with H0 = 68 km/s/Mpc, Ω(matter) = 0.3, Ω(Lambda) = 0.7, and Ω(k) = 0.0. The three model curves show the median and 1-sigma variation in published estimates of the average galaxy density in this redshift range. The size of the redshift bins is dz = 0.0025.
Top right
Ratio of differential counts to model counts.
Bottom left
Cumulative counts of galaxies with spectroscopic redshifts in NED.
Bottom right
Ratio of cumulative counts to model counts.

Note: The low fractional completeness (< 0.1 at z < 0.03) is characteristic of modern spectroscopic surveys which either cover a small solid area on the sky, or target a selected subsample of galaxies within their survey area. NED does its best to incorporate all available published redshifts, and we will update these figures as new data are added.