High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (hep-ph); Cosmology and Extragalactic Astrophysics.

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Katherine Garrett & Gintaras Duda

Department of Physics, Creighton University, 2500 California Plaza, Omaha, NE 68178, USA

Abstract. Dark matter is one of the greatest unsolved mysteries in cosmology at the present time. About 80% of the universe's gravitating matter is non-luminous, and its nature and distribution are for the most part unknown. In this paper, we will outline the history, astrophysical evidence, candidates, and detection methods of dark matter, with the goal to give the reader an accessible but rigorous introduction to the puzzle of dark matter. This review targets advanced students and researchers new to the field of dark matter, and includes an extensive list of references for further study.

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