Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 1992. 30: 653-703
Copyright © 1993 by . All rights reserved

Reprinted with kind permission from , 4139 El Camino Way, Palo Alto, California, USA

OBSERVATIONS OF THE ISOTROPY OF THE COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND RADIATION

Anthony C. S. Readhead and Charles R. Lawrence

Owens Valley Radio Observatory, California Institute of Technology,
1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, California 91125


KEY WORDS: cosmology, galaxy formation, anisotropy


Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

STATISTICS AND ASSUMPTIONS
The Amplitude Distribution and Spectrum of Fluctuations
Analysis Procedures

OBSERVATIONS
Observations on Angular Scales < 1'
Observations on Angular Scales 1'-1°
Anisotropy Observations at the Owens Valley Radio Observatory
Anisotropy Observations at the South Pole
Balloon-Borne Anisotropy Observations
Observations on the Ratan 600 meter Telescope
Summary of Upper Limits in the Range 0.1-100'
Observations on Angular Scales 1-20°
Observations in Antarctica
Balloon Observations at 19.2 GHz
Balloon Observations at Millimeter and Submillimeter Wavelengths
Observations at Medicina and Tromsö
Observations at Tenerife

CONFUSING FOREGROUND SIGNALS
Confusion by Discrete Radio Sources
Confusion by Galactic Synchrotron Emission
Confusion by Galactic Free-Free Emission
Confusion by Galactic Dust Emission
The Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect

FUTURE PROSPECTS
Instrumental and Atmospheric Effects
New Instruments

REFERENCES

Next