Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 1988. 26:
561-630
Copyright © 1988 by . All rights reserved |

Reprinted with kind permission from , 4139 El Camino Way, Palo Alto, California, USA

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Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University,

Baltimore, Maryland 21218 and Space Telescope Science Institute,

3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, Maryland 21218

**Table of Contents**

- THE ELEMENTS OF PRACTICAL COSMOLOGY
- EXPERIMENTAL GEOMETRY
- The Necessity for Space Curvature
- The Idea of Geometrical Experiments
- Line Lengths and Areas on a Sphere of Constant Curvature
- The Volume V(r) in Robertson-Walker Spaces

- COUNT-REDSHIFT RELATION
- The Coordinate r as a Function of Redshift
- The Predicted K(z,
*q*_{0}) Relation

- THE REDSHIFT-MAGNITUDE EQUATION
- The Predicted Hubble Diagram With No Luminosity Evolution
- Conversion of Observed Heterochromatic Apparent Magnitude to the Apparent Bolometric Scale: The K Correction
- The Predicted Hubble Diagram With Correction for Luminosity Evolution
- The Look-Back Time as a Function of A and
q
_{0}

- PREDICTED AND OBSERVED COUNT-MAGNITUDE RELATION
- Method of Predicting
*N*(*m*,*q*_{0},*E*) for an Infinitely Narrow Luminosity Function - The Full Complication of the
*N*(*m*,*q*_{0},*E*) Prediction, Given*E*(*z*) and the Luminosity Function (*M*,*T*) - Observations

- Method of Predicting
- THE
*m*(*z*) HUBBLE DIAGRAM- Local Tests for Linearity of the Redshift - Distance Relation
- The Hubble Diagram at Large Redshifts

- NONGEOMETRICAL EVIDENCE FOR EVOLUTION IN THE LOOK-BACK
TIME
- Changes in Spectral Energy Distribution With Redshift
- Changes in Morphological Mix
- Reassessment of the
*N*(*m*) Count Evidence for Luminosity Evolution at*z*> 0.5 - Evolution Inferred From Quasar Counts

- ANGULAR DIAMETER OF RIGID RODS
- The Standard Model
- Diameters of First-Ranked Cluster Galaxies at Low Redshift
- High-Redshift Data

- TIME-SCALE TEST
- The Standard Model Prediction
- The Value of
*T*_{0}From the Chemical Elements and From the Oldest Stars - Value of
*H*_{0} - The Time Test of the Standard Model

- REFERENCES

^{1} Presently at Mount
Wilson Observatory of the Carnegie Institution of
Washington, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, California 91101.
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